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Graßmel, Franz

Date of birth:
June 8th, 1906 (Mochow/Brandenburg, Germany)
Date of death:
June 30th, 1985 (Stade/Lowersaxony, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

Franz Graßmel finally reached the rank of Oberstleutnant.

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 10th, 1941
Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 20th, 1942
Ärmelband Kreta
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 10th, 1942
Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
September 20th, 1942
Erdkampfabzeichen der Luftwaffe ohne zahlen
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
December 18th, 1942
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Hauptmann (Captain)
Unit:
Kommandeur, III. Bataillon, Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 4, 1. Fallschirmjäger-Division, Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
July 22nd, 1943
Awarding 25/230.
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
Kommandeur, III. Bataillon, Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 4, 1. Fallschirmjäger-Division, Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
April 8th, 1944
Awarded for his Bataillon’s role in defeating the Allied Operation Revenge, which began on the 19.03.1944. Conducted as part of the Allied efforts to take Cassino itself, it saw a thrust of 35 tanks launched against the Massa Albaneta in the middle of rugged mountain terrain. It had the aim of advancing towards the Abbey. However it was repulsed with the loss of 29 tanks destroyed or damaged. Grassmel would subsequently be recognized for the major role he played in repulsing this Allied attack in a critical frontline sector.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
February 10th, 1945
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Silber
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
Kommandeur, Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 20, 7. Fallschirmjäger-Division, Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
May 8th, 1945
Awarded for the sum of his Regiment’s successes in the Hagenauer forest, Hatten, Rittershofen (January 1945), the Reichswald (February 1945) and especially around Edewecht (April 1945). During the fighting in this latter defensive battle Grassmel and his Regiment played a major role in ensuring the successful evacuation of 42669 men across the Weser river in the time period 11.04.-28.04.1945.
Not numbered and uncertain awarding, with following numbers this would have been the 868th Award.
This awarding of the Eichenlaub was run through all the formal stages of the awarding with the exception of the final and last signature of Grossadmiral Dönitz as a result of the war situation.
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub

Sources

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