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Gröschke, Kurt

Date of birth:
July 17th, 1907 (Berlin-Charlottenburg/Brandenburg, Germany)
Date of death:
March 26th, 1996 (Odenthal/Northrhine-Westphalia, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

Promotions:
April 1st, 1934: Leutnant (Polizei);
October 1st, 1935: Oberleutnant (Polizei);
January 1st, 1940: Hauptmann;
April 1st, 1942: Major;
April 1st, 1944: Oberstleutnant;
?: Oberst.

Career:
?: Berliner Landespolizeigruppe "von der Wecke";
October 1st, 1935: Luftwaffe;
1935: Fallschirmtruppe;
1938: Chef 2. Kompanie, Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1;
1941: Kommandeur II. Bataillon, Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1;
January 22nd, 1944 - February 11th, 1944: Führer Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1 (m.d.F.b.);
July 24th, 1944 - February 1945: Kommandeur Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 15;
February 3rd, 1945 - April 1945: Führer 5. Fallschirmjäger-Division (m.d.F.b.).

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 20th, 1939
Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant-colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur, II. Bataillon, Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1, 1. Fallschirmjäger-Division, Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
June 9th, 1944
Awarded for his actions on the 08.02.1944, northwest of Cassino. Here Major Gröschke managed to prevent a potentially disastrous enemy breakthrough to the Cassino-Rome road and by extension the fall of Cassino itself.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant-colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur, Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 15, 5. Fallschirmjäger-Division, Luftwaffe (Kommandeur, Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 15, 5. Fallschirmjäger-Division, Luftwaffe)
Awarded on:
July 27th, 1944
Wehrmachtbericht
Mentioning:
"In the heavy fighting of the recent weeks in the St. Lo - Lassay area have particularly distinguished themselves in defense and counter-attacks: The 17. SS-Panzergrandier-Division "Götz von Berlichingen" led by their severely wounded commander Brigadeführer Ostendorff and his representative Standartenführer Baum, the 353. Infanterie-Division, led by their divisional commander Generalleutnant Mahlmann, the Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 5 under his commander Major Heinz Becker, the Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 9 under his commander Major Kurt Stephani and the Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 15 under its commander Oberstleutnant Gröschke."
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur, Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 15, 5. Fallschirmjäger-Division, Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
January 9th, 1945
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Awarded for his outstanding command during the Ardennes offensive. By the evening of the first day of the offensive, the 16.12.1944, the Vorausabteilung of his Regiment had already reached the Diekirch-Hosingen road. Two days later the Regiment captured a river crossing near Bourscheid in an undamaged state, with the neighbouring divisions by now trailing far behind the Regiment. Later it fought in a defensive capacity against the US 3rd Army. Positioned in the Harlange/Villers-la-Bonne-Eau area, it defended this region up until the 10.01.1945 even as the US 26th Infantry Division took up positions in its rear, distinguishing itself as it did so.
693rd Award.

Sources

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