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Krauß, Walter (LW-Sturzkampfgeschwader 2)

Date of birth:
March 11th, 1917 (Erlangen/Bavaria, Germany)
Date of death:
July 17th, 1943 (Orel/Orel Oblast, Soviet Union)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

Walter Krauß joined the Army in 1934 as a Infantry-man and was transferred to the Luftwaffe in 1937. As an observer in the 2.(H) 21 he provided valuable information even under heavy fire. Due to his success during the French campaign he became the very first observer being awarded the Knights Cross. After the campaign he was transferred to the Stuka. Firstly as a Staffelkapitän, he later was promoted as Commander of the III StukaG 2 "Immelmann". During a russian bomb raid on his airfield he was seriously wounded and died the same night.

Promotions:
1934: Schütze;
1938: Leutnant;
1940: Oberleutnant;
1943: Hauptmann;
1944: Major (posthuum).

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1938
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht 4.Klasse, 4 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant (Flying Officer)
Unit:
Flugzeugführer, 2.(H) Staffel, Aufklärungsgruppe 21, Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
July 29th, 1940
During the western campaign Leutnant Krauss flew a number of difficult special missions in which he gathered intelligence of great importance for the higher German commands. In recognition he would receive the Knight’s Cross as the first German reconnaissance pilot to be so decorated.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant (Flying Officer)
Unit:
Stabstaffel, Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann", Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
April 24th, 1942
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Written in Patzwall / Scherzer as Krauss.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 22nd, 1942
Medaille
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Hauptmann (Captain)
Unit:
Kommandeur, III. Gruppe, Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann", Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
January 3rd, 1944
Awarded for his successes over the course of about 500 sorties, a number of which were Stuka sorties flown in the latter part of his career.
363rd Award.
Awarded posthumously.
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub

Sources

Photo