Meindl, Eugen Albert Max
- Date of birth:
- July 16th, 1892 (Donaueschingen/Baden, Germany)
- Date of death:
- January 24th, 1951 (Munich/Bavaria, Germany)
- German (1933-1945, Third Reich)
July 27th, 1912: Fahnenjunker;
March 22nd, 1913: Fähnrich;
February 17th, 1914: Leutnant (Patent February 21st, 1912);
April 18th, 1917: Oberleutnant;
August 1st, 1924: Hauptmann;
April 1st, 1934: Major;
August 1st, 1936: Oberstleutnant;
April 1st, 1939: Oberst (RDA April 1st, 1938);
January 1st, 1941: Generalmajor;
February 1st, 1943: Generalleutnant (RDA October 1st, 1942);
April 1st, 1944: General der Fallschirmtruppe.
July 27th, 1912: 5. Badisches Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 76;
?: Batterieoffizier 5. Badisches Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 76;
?: Adjutant Artillerie-Kommando 52;
?: Batterieoffizier Reichswehr-Artillerie-Regiment 13;
?: Batterieoffizier 5. (Hess.-Württ.) Artillerie-Regiment;
?: 5. (Bad.) Batterie / 5. Artillerie-Regiment, Wiblingen;
October 1st, 1924: Stab 5. Division, Stuttgart;
October 1st, 1926: Heeres-Organisations-Abteilung (T 2), Reichswehrministerium (RWM), Berlin;
October 1st, 1927: Stab, II. (Bad.) Abteilung / 5. Artillerie-Regiment, Ulm an der Donau;
October 1st, 1928: Chef, 1. (Hess.) Eskadron, 5. Fahr-Abteilung, Ulm an der Donau;
Ocotber 1st, 1929: Adjutant, Stab 5. Artillerie-Regiment, Fulda;
September 15th, 1933: Artillerieschule Jüterborg;
October 15th, 1935: Kommandeur I. / Artillerie-Regiment 5, Ulm;
November 10th, 1938 - augustus 1940: Kommandeur Gebirgs-Artillerie-Regiment 112, Graz;
June 1940: Kommandeur Gruppe Meindl, Narvik;
August 1940: Führerreserve OKH;
September 1st, 1940: Kommandeur Luftlande Sturm-Regiment 1;
May 16th, 1941: Führer Kampfgruppe West;
Winter 1941/1942: Kommandeur Kampfgruppe Meindl;
February 26th, 1942: Kommandeur Luftwaffen-Division Meindl;
September 26th, 1942: Kommandierender General XIII. Fliegerkorps / Kommandierender General I. Luftwaffen-Feld-Korps;
August 1st, 1943: Inspekteur der Luftwaffen-Inspektion 18 "Lw.-Feldverbände", Reichsluftfahrtministerium;
November 1943: Kommandierender General II. Fallschirmkorps;
May 25th, 1945 - September 29th, 1947: US POW.
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- Second World War (1939-1945)
- Generalmajor (Brigadier)
- Awarded on:
- June 9th, 1941
"The parachute units under the leadership of Generalmajor Meindl, Oberst Heidrich, Oberst Bräuer, Oberst Ramke and Oberst Sturm, created in hard fighting, the crucial conditions for the conquest of Crete.
Awarded for his leadership of the Sturm-Regiment Meindl during the battle of Crete. His Regiment captured the airfield at Maleme and thereby ensured the eventual German victory on the island. Meindl, who was wounded by an enemy MG, continued to direct his soldiers from a stretcher and thus proved to be an example of determined leadership for all of his soldiers in this battle.
Meindl’s recommendation for the Swords reads as follows…
“The Canadians and British achieved a breakthrough on 10.02.1945 west of Cleve and in the Reichswald supported by hitherto unseen quantities of artillery, tank and air support. In response General Meindl, commanding general of the II. Fallschirm-Korps, received the mission to construct a new defensive live on both sides of Goch and prevent a further advance of the enemy.
Thanks to the flexible leadership and personality of General Meindl, it was possible for the hard pressed Heer and Fallschirmjäger units to recreate a continuous front and offer the toughest possible resistance in the face of the enemy. By his personal presence at the frontline in the thick of heavy enemy artillery and bomber strikes, General Meindl was through his own example able to inspire his soldiers to great combat achievements. During their attacks against the front of the II. Fallschirm-Korps the enemy suffered heavy losses in men and materiel and were unable to secure a decisive breakthrough.
General Meindl especially distinguished himself through personal bravery on the 06.03.1945. On that day the enemy threatened to split the Wesel bridgehead into two parts by an armoured thrust along the Issum-Alpen road. Immediately recognizing the great danger, General Meindl personally assembled a Kompanie consisting of 60 men near Grünthal. He then personally led these men against the enemy and was able to throw them back despite heavy tank fire. This bold counterattack ensured that the cohesion of the bridgehead could be maintained.
On the 07.03.1945 the leadership of the II. Fallschirm-Korps was transferred to the Wesel bridgehead. Once again the personal example of General Meindl ensured that the Fallschirmjäger deployed here could offer their toughest resistance possible. As a result all the German troops in the bridgehead with their light and heavy weapons could be pulled back to the eastern bank of the Rhine.
On the 10.03.1945 General Meindl, as the result of the railway bridge leading from Wesel being incompletely demolished due to a technical failure, set up an anti-tank blocking position and enabled the remainder of the bridge to be destroyed. He was thereafter the last to leave the now completely unusable bridge.
During all the heavy fighting of the II. Fallschirm-Korps General Meindl, who was always present where the danger was greatest, led his formations with both flexibility and firmness despite the unyielding pressure the battles presented. In the process he also showed great personal bravery himself.
General Meindl is thus especially worthy of the high award of the Oakleaves with Swords to the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross.”
A formal awarding is not known. The recommendation was supported by General der Fallschirmtruppen Schlemm on March 23rd, 1945, Generaloberst Blaskowitz, Oberbefehlshaber Heeresgruppe H on March 28th, Generalfeldmarschall Kesselring, Oberbefehlshaber West, April 9th and Reichsmarschall Göring, Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe on April 10th.
- Photo 1: Wilco Vermeer
- Photo: Wilco Vermeer
- - BERGER, F., Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern, Selbstverlag Florian Berger, Wien, Österreich, 2003.
- FELLGIEBEL, W.P., Elite of theThird Reich, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003.
- KUROWSKI, F., Knight's Cross Holders of the Fallschirmjäger, Schiffer Publishing Ltd., Atglen, United States, 1995.
- PATZWALL, K. & SCHERZER, V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001.
- THOMAS, FRANZ & WEGMANN, GÜNTER, Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939-1945, Biblio-Verlag, 1986.
- WILLIAMSON, G., German Commanders of World War II (2), Osprey Publishing, United Kingdom, 2006.
- Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht (CD), VMD-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück, 2002
- Axis Biographical Research
- Island Farm / Camp 198