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Carney, Robert Bostwick

Date of birth:
March 26th, 1895 (Vallejo/California, United States)
Date of death:
June 25th, 1990 (Washington D.C., United States)
Buried on:
Arlington National Cemetery
Nationality:
American (1776 - present, Republic)

Biography

Service number: NSN: 0-9612/1103.

?: Captan
?: Rear Admiral

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Captain
Unit:
Staff, Support Force, Task Force 24 (TF 24), U.S. Navy
Awarded on:
January 1943
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States, as Operations Officer and later as Chief of Staff, Support Force, Task Force Twenty-Four, United States Atlantic Fleet during the period 3 March 1941 to 17 April 1942. With remarkable and distinctive skill, Captain Carney prepared all operational plans preceding and during belligerent operations of the Force. In this connection, he made important contributions to the escort-of-convoy instructions which resulted in the notable record of the safe escort of over two thousand ships with a loss of only eight ships, and the development of escort tactics which have proven highly effective in combating the submarine menace. The success of these operations was enhanced by the specialized training program for surface vessels exhaustively planned and developed by Captain Carney."

Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 310 (January 1943)
Distinguished Service Medal - Navy/USMC
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Rear Admiral
Unit:
U.S.S. Denver (CL-58), U.S. Navy
Awarded on:
November 1943
Legion of Merit - US Military
"For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States as Commander of a warship 5 - 6 March 1943. Admiral Carney's brilliant leadership contributed to successful operations against Kolombangara Island and the sinking of two Japanese warships in the Kula Gulf."

Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 320 (Rear Admiral Carney is authorized to wear the Combat "V".)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Rear Admiral
Unit:
Staff, South Pacific Force, U.S. Navy
Awarded on:
January 1946
Distinguished Service Medal - Navy/USMC
Citation:
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States, as Aide and Chief of Staff to Admiral Halsey, Commander, South Pacific Area and South Pacific Force, from 26 July 1943 to 5 June 1944. Displaying sound judgment and distinctive tactical ability, Rear Admiral Carney conceived and correlated the many offensive operations carried out in the Solomon Islands and Bismarck Archipelago Areas. Through his comprehensive knowledge of logistics and his expert planning, he enabled our forces to exert their greatest strength against the enemy and administer a series of crushing defeats on the Japanese. His complete understanding of military and naval strategy and his timely advice to the Commander South Pacific Area and South Pacific Force were contributing factors in the brilliant success of our operations in this vital area throughout a period of intensive activity. Rear Admiral Carney's forceful leadership and superb professional skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service."

Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 346 (January 1946).
Second Navy DSM received as a Golden Star to be worn on the ribbon of the first Navy DSM.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Rear Admiral
Unit:
Staff, South Pacific Force, U.S. Navy
Awarded on:
January 1946
Distinguished Service Medal - Navy/USMC
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States as Aide and Chief of Staff to the Commander Third Fleet from 15 June 1944 to 22 October 1944, and from 27 October 1944 to 19 September 1945. During this unparalleled period in naval history, Rear Admiral Carney participated in t he capture of Palau and strikes on Central Pacific and Bonin Islands Japanese strongholds, the Philippine Campaign and particularly the destruction of the majority of the units of the Japanese Fleet in the Philippine Sea battles, strikes on Formosa, in the East China Sea, Iwo Jima, Okinawa-Gunto, and the Japanese homeland from the Ryukyus to Hokkaido. During these operations the Japanese Navy was virtually destroyed, its air power was reduced to inconsequential strength, and transportation, shipping, and industrial targets were destroyed. These operations were a decisive factor in Japan's capitulation and in bringing about the final surrender. Rear Admiral Carney exercised sound judgment and displayed superior strategic and tactical ability in the conception, correlation, and successful execution of these many offensive operations, and in the initial landing and occupation of Japan. His intrepid ability to conceive brilliant operations designed to completely surprise the enemy and his unerringly correct evaluation of the situation at all times was to a great extent responsible for the outstanding success of these campaigns. His initiative, aggressive leadership and courage in combat and under fire were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service."

Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 346 (January 1946).
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Rear Admiral
Unit:
Staff of Command, Third Fleet, U.S. Pacific Fleet, U.S. Navy
Awarded on:
January 1946
Navy Cross
"For extraordinary heroism, intrepidity and outstanding achievement in actual combat with the enemy while serving as Aide and Chief of Staff to the Commander, Third Fleet, U.S. Pacific Fleet, during the period 23 to 26 October 1944. During the period in question, Rear Admiral Carney, due to his exceptionally fine grasp of the strategic and tactical situation, was instrumental in formulating the plans whereby task forces of the Third Fleet executed a series of successful operations against major task forces of the Japanese Fleet. These operations included devastating attacks on major Japanese combatant and carrier task forces in the vicinity of Mindoro, the Sulu Sea, northeast of Luzon, and off the Central Philippines, and resulted in the sinking or damaging of the major portion of Japanese capital ships and carrier aircraft of the Japanese Navy. His keen appreciation of the situation, his initiative and his untiring efforts together with his timely advice to Commander, Third Fleet, contributed immeasurably to the success of the operations and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service."

Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 346 (January 1946).
Rank:
Admiral
Unit:
Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Government
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States as Chief of Naval Operations and Member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for a period of two years commencing 17 August 1953. Exercising the highest quality of command leadership during this period of international tension, Admiral Carney displayed foresight and keen understanding in directing the unified commands for which he was executive agent. He greatly furthered combat readiness of Naval operating forces by insisting upon incorporating the latest scientific developments into naval construction programs. As a Member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff he participated in the formulation of strategic plans for the defense of the United States and the establishment of policy dedicated to maintaining peace and freedom throughout the world. In this capacity he fostered and promoted the most harmonious relationships among the Services. Admiral Carney's contribution to the aspirations of mankind and to the Government of the United States will always reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service."

Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 346 (Third Gold Star in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Navy Distinguished Service Medal)
Distinguished Service Medal - Navy/USMC

Sources