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Ewell, Julian Johnson

Date of birth:
November 5th, 1915 (Stillwater/Oklahoma, United States)
Date of death:
July 27th, 2009 (Fairfax/Virginia, United States)
Buried on:
Arlington National Cemetery
Plot: 59. Grave: 3854.
Nationality:
American (1776 - present, Republic)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Lieutenant Colonel
Unit:
501st Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division "Screaming Eagles", U.S. Army
Awarded on:
1944

Headquarters, 101st Airborne Division, General Orders No. 7
Silver Star Medal (SSM)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Lieutenant Colonel
Unit:
501st Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division "Screaming Eagles", U.S. Army
Awarded on:
1944
This award was obtained in the form of an Oak Leave to be attached on the ribbon of the first award.


Headquarters, 101st Airborne Division, General Orders No. 44
Silver Star Medal (SSM)
"For extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Commanding Officer, 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division, in action against enemy forces on the night of 1819 December 1944, at Bastogne, Belgium. In the darkness of 1819 December 1944, Colonel Ewell's regiment was the first unit of the 101st Airborne Division to reach the vicinity of Bastogne, Belgium, then under attack by strong enemy forces. While his regiment assembled, Lieutenant Colonel Ewell went forward alone to Bastogne to obtain first hand enemy information. During the night of 1819 December 1944, Lieutenant Colonel Ewell made a personal reconnaissance amid intermingled friendly and hostile troops and on 19 December, by his heroic and fearless leadership of his troops, contributed materially to the defeat of enemy efforts to prostrate Bastogne. On 3 January 1945, when an enemy attack threatened to blunt the impetus of the regimental offensive, Lieutenant Colonel Ewell personally lead a counterattack which stopped the enemy and made possible the continued offensive action of his regiment. Throughout the action at Bastogne, the heroic and fearless personal leadership of Lieutenant Colonel Ewell were a source of inspiration to the troops he commanded. His intrepid actions, personal bravery and zealous devotion to duty exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, the 101st Airborne Division, and the United States Army."

Headquarters, XVIII Airborne Corps, General Orders No. 19

Royal decree no.35
Period:
Vietnam War (1955-1975)
Rank:
Major General
Awarded on:
April 8th, 1956
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility, during the period from June 1966 to February 1968."

Department of the Army, General Orders No. 15
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
Vietnam War (1955-1975)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
9th Infantry Division "Old Reliables", U.S. Army
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General, 9th Infantry Division, in the Republic of Vietnam from 1968 to 1969."

Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
Vietnam War (1955-1975)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
II Field Force Vietnam, U.S. Army
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General, II Field Force, Vietnam, in the Republic of Vietnam, from 1969 to 1970."

Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
Vietnam War (1955-1975)
Rank:
Lieutenant General
Unit:
Chief of Staff, Allied Forces Southern Europe (AFSOUTH), NATO
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility as Chief of Staff, Armed Forces South, from 1971 to 1973."

Third Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
Korean War (1950-1953)
Rank:
Colonel
Unit:
2nd Infantry Division "Indianhead", U.S. Army
"For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States as Commanding Officer, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division, in Korea, in 1953."
Legion of Merit - US Military
Period:
Korean War (1950-1953)
Rank:
Colonel
Unit:
Eighth Army, U.S. Army
"For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States with Headquarters, EIGHTH Army, in Korea, from 1953 to 1954."

Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Legion of Merit
Legion of Merit - US Military

Sources

  • - Rapport, L., Northwood Jr., A, Rendezvous with Destiny A History of the 101st Airborne Division, The Battery Press, Nashville, USA, 2000 (reprint of the original 1948 edition not the later 1965 second edition)
    - Onderscheidingen.nl
    - Julian Ewell - Recipient -

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