Topp, Erich

Date of birth:
July 2nd, 1914 (Hannover/Lower Saxony, Germany)
Date of death:
December 26th, 2005 (Hamburg/Lower Saxony, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

Erich Topp Also receivedan Honour Dagger with diamonds for his achievements as commander. He received it on August 17th 1942.
In September 1942 Topp became commander of the 27th U-boat Flotilla, where new U-boat crews received their tactical training. Topp wrote the Battle Instructions for the new XXI Elektro Boat submarine in 1944, and when the war ended he was commanding one of them, U-2513, which he surrendered at Horten, Norway in May 1945.
After the war Topp worked for some months as a fisherman before he became a successful architect. In March 1958 he rejoined the Navy. He then spent four years in the USA as a staff member of the Military Committee of NATO. Later he served in several staff positions and for a month was commander of U-boats in deputize.
Konteradmiral Erich Topp retired in December 1969. He was decorated in that year with the Große Bundes-Verdienst- kreuz (Great Federal Merit Cross).

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant (Lieutenant)
Unit:
U-46 der 7. Unterseeboots-Flottille
Awarded on:
November 7th, 1939
U-boot Kriegsabzeichen (ohne Brillianten)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant (Lieutenant)
Unit:
U-46 / 7. Unterseeboots-Flottille
Awarded on:
January 1st, 1940
Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant (Lieutenant)
Unit:
Kommandant U-57 / 1. Unterseeboots-Flottille
Awarded on:
September 1st, 1940
Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant (Lieutenant)
Unit:
Kommandant U 552 / 7.Unterseebootflottille
Awarded on:
June 20th, 1941
Action:
Awarded for the sinking of 14 ships (89981 GRT) and the damaging of a further 2 (13597 GRT) over the course of five operational cruises. Among the ships sunk included the British submarine hunter "Commander Horton".
Details:
75th Award.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 3rd, 1941
Action:
A submarine under the command of First Lieutenant at Sea Topp was particularly successful in the operations in the Atlantic.
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
April 11th, 1942
Action:
Captain Lieutenant Topp, who has again particularly distinguished himself in the operations of German submarines off the American coast, has now sunk 31 vessels of 208,000 GRT, and a destroyer and a guard.
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Kapitänleutnant (Lieutenant)
Unit:
Kommandant U 552 / 7.Unterseebootflottille
Awarded on:
April 11th, 1942
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Action:
Awarded following five successful combat cruises which resulted in the sinking of 13 ships (with 68303 GRT). One of these was the US destroyer "Reuben James", which was accidentally sunk on 31.10.1941 before the official German declaration of war on the USA.
Details:
87th Award
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Kapitänleutnant (Lieutenant)
Unit:
Kommandant U-552 der 7. Unterseeboots-Flottille
Awarded on:
April 11th, 1942
U-boot Kriegsabzeichen mit Brillianten
Details:
Golden version
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 18th, 1942
Action:
The submarines under the leadership of Captain Lieutenant Mohr, Topp, Witte and von Rosenstiel and Lieutenant at Sea Ites have in the fight against the enemy supply shipping particularly distinguished themselves.
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Korvettenkapitän (Lieutenant Commander)
Unit:
Kommandant U 552 / 7.Unterseebootflottille
Awarded on:
August 17th, 1942
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern
Action:
Awarded after the sinking of 6 ships (20994 GRT) and the damaging of 3 (25887 GRT) over the course of 2 combat cruises.
Details:
17th Award
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Korvettenkapitän (Lieutenant Commander)
Unit:
Kommandant der 27. Unterseeboots-Flottille
Awarded on:
January 30th, 1944
Kriegsverdienstkreuz 2.Klasse mit Schwertern
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Korvettenkapitän (Lieutenant Commander)
Unit:
Kommandant der 27. Unterseeboots-Flottille
Awarded on:
1944
Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern
Awarded on:
September 19th, 1969
Großes Verdienstkreuz des Verdienstordens der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

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