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Chevallerie, von der, Kurt

Date of birth:
December 23rd, 1891 (Berlin, Germany)
Date of death:
April 18th, 1945 (Underway near Kolberg)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment Göttingen
Received in 1935
Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 38
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht 4.Klasse, 4 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 38
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  3.Klasse, 12 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 38
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  2. Klasse, 18 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 38
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  1.Klasse, 25 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Awarded on:
February 12th, 1939
Magyar Érdemrend Középkeresztje
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 12th, 1940
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalleutnant
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment-83
Awarded on:
August 27th, 1940
Ordine della Corona d'Italia - Cavaliere della Croce Grande
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 12th, 1940
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalleutnant (Major-general)
Unit:
Kommandeur 99. leichte Infanterie-Division
Awarded on:
October 23rd, 1941
The following wartime excerpt describes why Chevallerie was awarded the Knight’s Cross…

“When the Korps commenced its decisive assault against Kiev it was the 99. leichte Division that made the deepest penetration into the enemy defenses up until the 17.09.1941. By the afternoon of that day the Division had reached the chain of lakes west of Myschelowka. Generalleutnant von der Chevallerie reconnoitred the best way to continue the attack while in the foremost line. This personal intervention created the decisive impetus that enabled the Division to reach its attack objective on the 19.09.1941 with unexpected swiftness.”
616th Award
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
September 1st, 1942
Medaille
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
January 16th, 1943
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General der Infanterie (Lieutenant-General of Infantry)
Unit:
Kommandierender General des LIX. Armee-Korps
Awarded on:
December 19th, 1943
The following press article, dated 24.12.1943, describes why Chevallerie was awarded the Oakleaves to his Knight’s Cross…

“General von der Chevallerie outstandingly distinguished himself as the commanding general of an Armee-Korps during the fighting in September 1943 around Neschin and during November in the sector north of Kiev. Throughout this time his mission was to tie down much larger enemy forces, prevent a breakthrough of the German frontline and buy time for the creation of a new defensive front as well as friendly counterattack positions. His ruthlessness and calm forcefulness proved enough to repeatedly overcome local crises. The power of his personality and bravery in the foremost line created a comradeship among his subordinated troops that was firmly in the hand of the commanding general. Following weeks of heavy defensive battles against a great enemy superiority, General der Infanterie von der Chevallerie utilized the first small easing of pressure on his Korps’ frontline to go over to the offensive in his own operations. On the 24.11.1943 the southern wing of the LIX. Armee-Korps (the 291. Infanterie-Division) launched a surprise strike and reached the western edge of Domoletsch. Two Soviet divisions were encircled in Korosten, and these were destroyed by the 27.11.1943. Von der Chevallerie thereby succeeded in closing a threatening 40 km gap between his and the XIII. Armee-Korps in the south.”
357th Award
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub

Sources

Photo