Stumbling stones Orkstraße/Wallanlage

Stolpersteine / Stumbling stones commemorate:

* Siegfried Fröhlich, born 1861, deported Theresienstadt, murdered 22 December 1942.
* Albertine Wolf née Isaac, born 1872, deported 30 October 1941, murdered in Lodz.

Information on Siegfried Fröhlich and Albertine Wolf is limited. Unknown is their relationship, if any; uncertain is exactly where they lived. She was born in Xanten. His place of birth is shown in documents as Kanten or Kauthen, but handwritten testimony by his daughter may indicate Rauten in the Obersteiermark area of what is today Austria.

Siegfried was married to Rosalie Froehlich née Cracauer (1868-1943). According to their daughter, Rosalie was killed in Theresienstadt on 30 March 1943.

Albertine was on the second transport from Köln to Lodz/Litmannstadt. Her train left Köln on 30 October 1941 and reached Lodz’s Radegast station the next day. By the end of December, 7 deportees on this transport had died, as had 15 from the previous Köln-Lodz transport. By February 1942, 43 from Köln had died. In May 1942, deportations from Lodz to the Chelmno extermination camp began.

Another stolperstein for Albertine Wolff [spelled with 2 Fs) is at Bonner Straße 33, Köln. Including Albertine’s, there are stolpersteine for 17 residents there.

"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."

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