This monument became the first monument to the events of 1812. Opened on 29 November, 1844 by the decree of Emperor Nicholas I. It was decided to erect the monuments on the ground of the six most significant battles: at Borodino, in Smolensk, Krasnoye, Kovno, Polotsk, and Maloyaroslavets. In the early 1930s, the monument was destroyed and a sculpture of Lenin was built on its place. In 2011, the monument was rebuilt on its original place.
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- Text: Fyodor Telin
- Photos: Fyodor Telin