These memorial stones (so called Stolpersteine or stumbling blocks) commemorate
Jacob Bonettemaker Amsterdam 23 november 1883 – 1942
Eva Bonettemaker-Perels Parijs 26 september 1877 Auschwitz september 1942
persecuted or murdered by the Nazis.
The small brass plaques of 10 by 10 cm, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted and mostly murdered by the National-Socialists, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities and villages, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
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