These memorial stones (so called Stolpersteine of stumbling blocks) commemorate:
Arnold Heumann (born 1880, murdered in Chelmno in May 1942)
Minna Heumann (born 1879, murdered in Chelmno in May 1942)
Amalie Hirsch (born 1879, murdered in Riga)
Karola Hirsch (born 1918, murdered in Riga)
Philipp Hirsch (born 1878, murdered in Riga)
Bernhard Horn (born 1926, murdered in Riga)
Jenny Horn (born 1894, murdered in Riga)
Josef Horn (born 1887, murdered in Riga)
Martha Levy (born 1899, murdered in Riga)
Wilhelm Levy (born 1860, murdered in Treblinka in 1942)
Leo Platz (born 1913, murdered in Lodz)
Reha Platz (born 1941, murdered in Lodz)
Rosa Platz (born 1917, murdered in Lodz)
The small copper plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
For more information and pictures, please visit Stolpersteine in Cologne (in German).
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- Text: Fedor de Vries
- Photos: Johan Tjallingii