These small, brass, memorial plaques (Stolpersteine or stumbling stones) commemorate:
* Manus Levie, born 1879, deported, murdered 1943 in Sobibor.
* Helena Levie-Meijers, born 1875, deported, murdered 1943 in Sobibor.
Manus Levie, a merchant, and Helena Meijers married in 1905. They married in 1905 and had a son and three daughters, all born in Doesburg.
Both parents were killed in Sobibor on the same day -- 21 May 1943.
Stolpersteine for their daughter, Mariana Houtkruijer-Levie, and her husband, Alexander Houtkruijer, are at Molenbeekstraat 13 in Amsterdam.
"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."
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