These memorial stones (so called Stolpersteine of stumbling blocks) commemorate:
Rosa Wolf (born 1886, murdered in Sobibor on 6-7-1943)
Siegfried Hanauer (born 1892, murdered in Auschwitz on 17-1-1943)
Siegmund Hanauer (born 1896, murdered in Auschwitz)
Max Hanauer (born 1894, murdered in Theresienstadt in 1944)
Heinz Hanauer (born 1925, murdered in Auschwitz)
Johanne Hanauer (born 1897, murdered in Auschwitz on 9-10-1944)
The small brass plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted or murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
For more information and pictures, please visit Stolpersteine Lingen (Ems) (in German).
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- Text: Fedor de Vries
- Photos: TracesOfWar.com