Stolperstein / Stumbling stone
* Alice van der Hoeden, born 1913, deported 15 November 1943 from Vught, murdered 31 January 1944, Auschwitz.
Both of Alice van der Hoedenís parents were killed by the Nazis: her mother Joanne van der Hoeden-Poppert at age 57 in Auschwitz on 26 February 1943 and her father Salomon van der Hoeden at age 56 in Auschwitz on 6 March 1944. Alice had three siblings, two of whom were also killed: Aliceís sister Ilse van der Hoeden was murdered in Auschwitz on the same day as Alice, while her brother Erwin van der Hoeden was murdered in Mauthausen in January 1943.
According to the Joods Monument, Aliceís mother, Alice, Ilse and Erwin all lived at Achillesstraat 101 I in Amsterdam in February 1941. No information was found on why there is a stolperstein for Alice in Oss.
"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victimís name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."
Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed -- on 29 November 2007.
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