STOLPERSTEINE / STUMBLING STONES for
* Albert David Hes, born 1884, deported 11 May 1943 from Westerbork, murdered 14 May 1943, Sobibor.
* Sara Hes-Speelman, born 1881, deported 11 May 1943 from Westerbork, murdered 14 May 1943, Sobibor.
* Flora Speelman, born 1879, deported 11 May 1943 from Westerbork, murdered 14 May 1943, Sobibor.
* Salomon Michel Hes, born 1918, deported 31 August 1942 from Westerbork, murdered 30 Nov 1942, Fürsten-Grube / Poland.
* Samuel Siegfried Hes, born 1919, deported 31 August 1942 from Westerbork, murdered 11 March 1943, Fürsten-Grube / Poland.
* Michel Hugo Hes, born 1921, deported 31 August 1942 from Westerbork, murdered 11 March 1943, Fürsten-Grube / Poland.
* Max Charles Hes, born 1923, deported 31 August 1942 from Westerbork, murdered 11 March 1943, Fürsten-Grube / Poland.
Albert married Sara, who was Flora Speelman’s sister. The other stolpersteine are for Albert and Sara’s sons -- Salomon Michel, Samuel Siegfried, Michel Hugo, and Max Charles. Another child, Rosina "Rootje" Hes was born 17 May 1917 in Oss and survived the Holocaust. She was married for a while to Isidor Fontijn; she died in Amsterdam in 2005.
Albert David Hes and his 6 siblings who were alive in Oss at the beginning of the war were all killed in the Holocaust. They are: Albert David Hes (1943 Sobibor – see Ridderstraat 58), Henri Zvi Hes (1943 Sobibor – see Heuvel 32), Dina Anna Hes (1943 Sobibor – see Spoorlaan 22), Hugo Daniel Hes (1944 Auschwitz – see Heuvel 79), Antje Hes (1942 Auschwitz – see Spoorlaan 52), Helena Diependaal-Hes (1942 Auschwitz – see Floraliastraat 65), and Meijer Hes (1943 Auschwitz – see Hermanslaan 1).
Sara Hes-Speelman had a brother who died in infancy. Her unmarried sister Flora (above) was killed with her.
Fürsten-Grube, where the 4 sons were killed, was the name for a coal mine approximately 30km from Auschwitz. Soviet POWs and Jewish and USSR slave laborers worked in the mine and worked on construction of a new mine in the same area. Later, starting in the summer of 1943 laborers built a sub-camp to house prison labor from Auschwitz.
The German artist Gunter Demnig started placing the first Stolpersteine in 1997 in the Berlin's Kreuzberg district. Meanwhile there are Stolpersteine in many countries. It reminds the Holocaust in World War II. A Stolperstein is a concrete stone of 10 x 10cm, with a brass plate on top, in which the name, date of birth and decease and also place of decease is punched into. The Stolperstein gets a place in the pavement in front of the former house of the victim.
By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives a private memorial to each victim. His motto is: 'A HUMAN BEING IS FORGOTTEN ONLY WHEN HIS OR HER NAME IS FORGOTTEN'. Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed. This happened the 29-11-2007.
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