From 2 May 1992 on, Sarajevo was besieged by the Serbian Army during 1425 days. During that time, the city was hit by 329 grenades a day on average. Besides that, snipers were also active.
During the siege 11,541 residents, including 1,500 children, were killed and 56,000 injured.
Many of the victims are buried on this cemetery (Šehidsko mezarje Kovači).
Alija Izetbegović (8 August 1925 - 19 October 2003) was the first president of the Yugoslav republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 3 March 1992 he declared its independence which led to the war in Bosnia. In November 1995 the Presidents Izetbegović, Tuđjman (Croatia) and Milosevic (Serbia) signed a peace agreement in Dayton that formally ended the hostilities between Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats.
He is buried at the Kovači cemetery.
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