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Kohlhaas, Ludwig

Date of birth:
January 13th, 1905 (Sant Petersburg, Russian Empire)
Date of death:
November 30th, 1942 (Morosowo, USSR)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

Promotions:
February 1st, 1927: Leutnant (8);
February 1st, 1930: Oberleutnant (37);
April 1st, 1935: Hauptmann (35);
August 1st, 1940: Major (59);
November 1st, 1942: Oberstleutnant (13);
x?: Oberst mit RDA vom 1-11-1942.

Career:
May 1st, 1927: 2./Inf.Rgt. 4;
May 1st, 1931: 4./Inf.Rgt. 4;
May 1st, 1933: Adjutant I./Inf.Rgt. 4;
April 1st, 1934: 12./Inf.Rgt. 4;
February 1st, 1935: Inf.Rgt. 46;
October 15th, 1935: Chef 4./Inf.Rgt. 47;
October 1st, 1938: Kp.-chef 2./MG-Btl. 52;
April 30th, 1940: Kdr. Fla-Btl. Kohlhaas;
May 24th, 1940: Kdr. Fla-Btl. 22;
December 18th, 1940: Kdr. I./Inf.Rgt. 47;
x?, 1942: Kdr. III./Füs.Rgt. "Großdeutschland".

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
Kommandeur, I. Bataillon, Infanterie-Regiment 47, 12. Infanterie-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
December 26th, 1941
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant-colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur, III. Bataillon, Füsilier-Regiment "Großdeutschland", Infanterie-Division (motorisiert) "Großdeutschland", Heer
Awarded on:
November 21st, 1942
On the 28.06.1942, as Operation Blau set into motion, Oberstleutnant Kohlhaas advanced with the lead elements of his Bataillon (namely the 11. Kompanie). Their goal was to take a railroad bridge over the Tim river intact, which would be decisive for the further advance of the Division. After destroying a Soviet armoured train that was tasked with defending it, the bridge was seized in a swift and violent action. The 11. Kompanie furthermore went on to crush the enemy on the eastern bank of the river and advance about 2 km past the bridge until they were halted by fierce enemy resistance. They then occupied an important hill nearby.

Unfortunately however disaster would strike as Luftwaffe bombers would attack this unit by mistake. A total of 23 German soldiers would either die or later succumb to injuries sustained in this attack, the latter group including Oberstleutnant Kohlhaas himself. However for his important and decisive action he would be awarded the Knight’s Cross shortly before his death. The bridge that he captured would subsequently be christened the “Oberstleutnant-Kohlhaas-Bridge”.
According to Scherzer as Major.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Silver version.
Infanterie-Sturmabzeichen

Sources

Photo