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Backhauß, Fritz

Date of birth:
February 9th, 1915 (Hollerstadt/Saxony, Germany)
Date of death:
March 7th, 1971 (Koblenz/Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 26th, 1942
Voenen Orden
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Hauptmann (Captain)
Unit:
Kommandeur III. / Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 13
Awarded on:
December 8th, 1943
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Hauptmann (Captain)
Unit:
Kommandeur III. / Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 13
Awarded on:
February 8th, 1944
The following divisional order of the day (dated 15.02.1944) describes why Backhauss was awarded the Knight’s Cross…

“The Führer and Supreme Commander of the Wehrmacht has awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross to Major Backhauss, commander of the III./G.J.R. 13.

An enemy tank brigade with 50 tanks broke through the main line of battle and left a gaping hole in its wake. Thusly, on the night of the 11./12.01.1944, Major Backhauss led a counterattack on his own initiative with some hastily assembled and weak elements of his Bataillon. He managed to close the gap with his brave Bataillon and then repel the follow-up enemy infantry that came in regimental strength. This action eliminated the striking power of a potentially dangerous thrust into the deep flank of the 1. Infanterie-Division and those friendly Divisionen in combat east of Vinnitsa. Such an achievement was of decisive importance for the continued operations in the area.

I congratulate Major Backhauss on receiving this high award in the name of the entire Division.

Major Bachauss is the 17th Knight’s Cross Holder in the 4. Gebirgs-Division.”

This feat of arms took place between Strutnika (7 km southwest of Gaissin) and Nowo Greblija in the right divisional sector south of Jassenki.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes

Sources

  • - THOMAS, FRANZ & WEGMANN, GÜNTER, Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939-1945.
    - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht (CD), VMD-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück, 2002
    - Fellgiebel W.P., Elite of the Third Reich, The recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-1945: A Reference, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003, ISBN 1-874622-46-9
    - Patzwall K., Scherzer V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Geschichte und Inhaber Band II, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001
    - Axis History Biographical Research via Axis History Forum

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