- Second World War (1939-1945)
- Hauptmann (Captain)
- Kommandeur III. / Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 13
- Awarded on:
- February 8th, 1944
The following divisional order of the day (dated 15.02.1944) describes why Backhauss was awarded the Knight’s Cross…
“The Führer and Supreme Commander of the Wehrmacht has awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross to Major Backhauss, commander of the III./G.J.R. 13.
An enemy tank brigade with 50 tanks broke through the main line of battle and left a gaping hole in its wake. Thusly, on the night of the 11./12.01.1944, Major Backhauss led a counterattack on his own initiative with some hastily assembled and weak elements of his Bataillon. He managed to close the gap with his brave Bataillon and then repel the follow-up enemy infantry that came in regimental strength. This action eliminated the striking power of a potentially dangerous thrust into the deep flank of the 1. Infanterie-Division and those friendly Divisionen in combat east of Vinnitsa. Such an achievement was of decisive importance for the continued operations in the area.
I congratulate Major Backhauss on receiving this high award in the name of the entire Division.
Major Bachauss is the 17th Knight’s Cross Holder in the 4. Gebirgs-Division.”
This feat of arms took place between Strutnika (7 km southwest of Gaissin) and Nowo Greblija in the right divisional sector south of Jassenki.