Wieland, Friedrich

Date of birth:
June 2nd, 1914 (Oberembt-Bergheim/Rhineprovince, Germany)
Date of death:
November 15th, 2000 (Oberembt / Bergheim, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

Promotions:
2nd May 1940: Fahnenjunker-Feldwebel der Reserve;
11th July 1940: Leutnant der Reserve (RDA 1st July 1940);
29th June 1942: Oberleutnant der Reserve (RDA 1st September 1941);
31st March 1944: Rittmeister der Reserve (RDA 1st September 1942);
15th December 1944: Major der Reserve (RDA 1st January 1945).

Career:
?: 2. Kompanie, Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94;
?: 1. Kompanie, Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94;
?: Nachrichten-Zug, Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94;
?: Radfahr-Ersatz-Abteilung 7/Aufklärungs-Ersatz-Abteilung 7;
June 20th, 1944 - October 1944: Kommandeur, Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94.

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Leutnant der Reserve (2nd Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit:
2. Kompanie, Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94, 4. Gebirgs-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
July 23rd, 1941
Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Leutnant der Reserve (2nd Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit:
1. Kompanie, Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94, 4. Gebirgs-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
August 21st, 1941
Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Leutnant der Reserve (2nd Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit:
Nachrichten-Zug, Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94, 4. Gebirgs-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
November 5th, 1941
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Leutnant der Reserve (2nd Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit:
Nachrichten-Zug, Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94, 4. Gebirgs-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
November 13th, 1941
Details:
Silver version.
Infanterie-Sturmabzeichen
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant der Reserve (1st Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit:
Radfahr-Ersatz-Abteilung 7, Division 467, Heer
Awarded on:
May 25th, 1943
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Silber
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant der Reserve (1st Lieutenant of Reserves)
Awarded on:
September 1st, 1943
Details:
Received with clasp "Caucasus".
Medalia
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant der Reserve (1st Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit:
Aufklärungs-Ersatz-Abteilung 7, Division 467, Heer
Awarded on:
March 1st, 1944
Nahkampfspange in Bronze
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant der Reserve (1st Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit:
Aufklärungs-Ersatz-Abteilung 7, Division 467, Heer
Awarded on:
March 24th, 1944
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Rittmeister der Reserve
Unit:
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94, 4. Gebirgs-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
June 28th, 1944
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Rittmeister der Reserve
Unit:
Kommandeur, Aufklärungs-Abteilung 94, 4. Gebirgs-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
October 16th, 1944
Action:
In late 1944 the 4. Gebirgs-Division held the Szekler Zipfel with the task of covering the German retreat from the Carpathians. In this fighting the Soviets succeeded in capturing a dominating height and in doing so created a 600 m gap in the German defensive line. Realizing the Soviets would only reinforce his gains, and with his own companies shattered, Wieland gathered up a scratch force made up of messengers and communications staff from his battalion headquarters and moved to counterattack. In a bitter fight he and his group managed to take the height back into German hands and held it against counterattacks until one of his reassembled companies could reinforce him and thus ensure the security of the position. He then took command of two weak reserve companies on loan from other elements of his division and hunted down the remaining Soviets that had broken through, destroying them to the last man. For his critical intervention on this day he was awarded the Knight's Cross.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes

Sources

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