Heydrich, Reinhardt "Reinhard"

Date of birth:
March 7th, 1904 (Halle an der Saale/Saxony, Germany)
Date of death:
June 4th, 1942 (Prague, Czechoslowakia)
Buried on:
Invalidenfriedhof (Invalids' Cemetery)
Plot: A. 
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

Reinhard Heydrich was the first head of the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt). In this position he was in command of the secret police (Gestapo), the intelligence service (Sicherheitsdienst) and the criminal police (Kriminalpolizei). The highest rank he earned was SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei.

Heydrich played a very important role in the preparation of the Final Solution, the extermination of the European Jews. Heydrich was the leader of the Einsatzgruppen, the special groups who killed the Jews in the Soviet Union. He organised the Wannsee-Conference where he informed senior Nazis and senior Governmental administrators about the Final Solution. After his death the extermination of the Jews in the Generalgouvernement in Poland was named after him.

From 1939 to 1941 Heydrich was also fighter pilot at the Luftwaffe, the German air force. When he crashed with his airplane during operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, his superior, Heinrich Himmler, didn’t allow him to fly any more.

In September 1941 Heydrich was appointed Protector of Bohemia and Moravia. On 27 Mai 1942 he was victim of an assault by Czech agents in Prague. He died of his wounds at the hospital on the morning of 4 June .

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Awarded on:
1936
Deutsches Olympia Ehrenzeichen Erster Klasse
Awarded on:
1937
Ordine della Corona d'Italia - Cavaliere Commendatore
Awarded on:
1937
Ordine dei Santi Maurizio e Lazzaro - Commendatore
Awarded on:
1938
Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
Awarded on:
1938
Action:
Prague Castle
Spange zur Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
Awarded on:
1938
Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13. März 1938
Awarded on:
1938
Ordine della Corona d'Italia - Cavaliere della Croce Grande
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
January 30th, 1939
Goldenes Parteiabzeichen
Awarded on:
1939
Medaille zur Erinnerung an die Heimkehr des Memellandes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1939
Danziger Kreuz I.Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1939
Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1939
Frontflugspange für Jäger in Bronze
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1940
Deutsches Schutzwall-Ehrenzeichen
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1941
Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
SS-Obergruppenführer
Unit:
Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor in Böhmen und Mähren, Chef des Reichssicherheitshauptamtes
Awarded on:
June 9th, 1942
Details:
2nd Award
Awarded posthumous
Deutscher Orden des Großdeutschen Reiches
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1941
Frontflugspange für Jäger in Silber
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 1942
Details:
Posthumously awarded by Adolf Hitler
Ehrenzeichen des 9. November 1923 (Blutorden)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 1942
Details:
Posthumously awarded by Adolf Hitler
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 1942
Details:
Posthumously awarded by Adolf Hitler
Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern
Dienstauszeichnung der NSDAP 10 Jahre
Polizei Dienstauszeichnung 2. Stufe
SS-Dienstauszeichnung 2.Stufe (12 Jahre)
Ehrenwinkel der Alten Kämpfer
Ordine dei Santi Maurizio e Lazzaro - Grand'Ufficiale

Sources

  • Photo 1: NARA
  • Photo: NARA
  • - Dederichs, M.R., Heydrich – het gezicht van het kwaad, Fontaine Uitgevers, ’s Gravenland, 2007
    - Lumsden R., Medals and Decorations of Hitler's Germany, Airlife, Shrewsbury, 2001
    - Thies A., 25. Auktion, Auktionshaus Andreas Thies, Sammlungsgegenstände des 20. Jahrhunderts , Russische Orden und Ehrenzeichen, Militaria, Historische Sammlungsgegenstände, Orden und Ehrenzeichen, 10. Dezember 2004
    - Axis Biographical Research
    - www.verzet.org