The website has become even bigger and better! WW2Awards.com has been fully merged with TracesOfWar.com. From now on, the sections Persons and Awards are available. Much more information in a larger jacket

Heydrich, Reinhardt "Reinhard"

    Date of birth:
    March 7th, 1904 (Halle an der Saale/Saxony, Germany)
    Date of death:
    June 4th, 1942 (Prague, Czechoslowakia)
    Buried on:
    Invalidenfriedhof (Invalids' Cemetery)
    Plot: A. 
    Nationality:
    German (1933-1945, German Reich)

    Biography

    Reinhard Heydrich was the first head of the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt). In this position he was in command of the secret police (Gestapo), the intelligence service (Sicherheitsdienst) and the criminal police (Kriminalpolizei). The highest rank he earned was SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei.

    Heydrich played a very important role in the preparation of the Final Solution, the extermination of the European Jews. Heydrich was the leader of the Einsatzgruppen, the special groups who killed the Jews in the Soviet Union. He organised the Wannsee-Conference where he informed senior Nazis and senior Governmental administrators about the Final Solution. After his death the extermination of the Jews in the Generalgouvernement in Poland was named after him.

    From 1939 to 1941 Heydrich was also fighter pilot at the Luftwaffe, the German air force. When he crashed with his airplane during operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, his superior, Heinrich Himmler, didn’t allow him to fly any more.

    In September 1941 Heydrich was appointed Protector of Bohemia and Moravia. On 27 Mai 1942 he was victim of an assault by Czech agents in Prague. He died of his wounds at the hospital on the morning of 4 June .

    Do you have more information about this person? Inform us!

    Awarded on:
    1936
    Deutsches Olympia Ehrenzeichen Erster Klasse
    Awarded on:
    1937
    Ordine della Corona d'Italia - Cavaliere Commendatore
    Awarded on:
    1937
    Ordine dei Santi Maurizio e Lazzaro - Commendatore
    Awarded on:
    1938
    Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
    Awarded on:
    1938
    Action:
    Prague Castle
    Spange zur Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
    Awarded on:
    1938
    Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13. März 1938
    Awarded on:
    1938
    Ordine della Corona d'Italia - Cavaliere della Croce Grande
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    January 30th, 1939
    Goldenes Parteiabzeichen
    Awarded on:
    1939
    Medaille zur Erinnerung an die Heimkehr des Memellandes
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    1939
    Danziger Kreuz I.Klasse
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    1939
    Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    1939
    Frontflugspange für Jäger in Bronze
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    1940
    Deutsches Schutzwall-Ehrenzeichen
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    1941
    Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    SS-Obergruppenführer
    Unit:
    Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor in Böhmen und Mähren, Chef des Reichssicherheitshauptamtes
    Awarded on:
    June 9th, 1942
    Details:
    2nd Award
    Awarded posthumous
    Deutscher Orden des Großdeutschen Reiches
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    1941
    Frontflugspange für Jäger in Silber
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    June 1942
    Details:
    Posthumously awarded by Adolf Hitler
    Ehrenzeichen des 9. November 1923 (Blutorden)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    June 1942
    Details:
    Posthumously awarded by Adolf Hitler
    Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Gold
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    June 1942
    Details:
    Posthumously awarded by Adolf Hitler
    Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern
    Dienstauszeichnung der NSDAP 10 Jahre
    Polizei Dienstauszeichnung 2. Stufe
    SS-Dienstauszeichnung 2.Stufe (12 Jahre)
    Ehrenwinkel der Alten Kämpfer
    Ordine dei Santi Maurizio e Lazzaro - Grand'Ufficiale

    Sources

    • Photo 1: NARA
    • Photo: NARA
    • - Dederichs, M.R., Heydrich – het gezicht van het kwaad, Fontaine Uitgevers, ’s Gravenland, 2007
      - Lumsden R., Medals and Decorations of Hitler's Germany, Airlife, Shrewsbury, 2001
      - Thies A., 25. Auktion, Auktionshaus Andreas Thies, Sammlungsgegenstände des 20. Jahrhunderts , Russische Orden und Ehrenzeichen, Militaria, Historische Sammlungsgegenstände, Orden und Ehrenzeichen, 10. Dezember 2004
      - Axis Biographical Research
      - www.verzet.org