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Billau, Friedrich

Date of birth:
November 7th, 1920 (Lampertheim/Hesse, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 1st, 1941
(Allgemeines) Sturmabzeichen (ohne zahlen), I.Stufe
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Gefreiten
Unit:
1. / Sturm-Pionier-Bataillon 51
Awarded on:
October 9th, 1941
Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1942
Medaille
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Unteroffizier (Junior Sergeant)
Unit:
3.(Schewer) / Pionier-Landungs-Bataillon 128
Awarded on:
July 14th, 1943
Beceause the Nahkampfspange was instituted after Billau had already had 30 days of close combat, he was awarded the Silver version straight away and he did never receive the Bronze version.
Nahkampfspange in Silber
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1943
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Unteroffizier
Unit:
2. / Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 51
Awarded on:
October 9th, 1943
Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Unteroffizier (Junior Sergeant)
Unit:
Gruppenführer 2. / Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 51
Awarded on:
October 26th, 1943
At the moment tha Billau was given the decoration, he was in the hospital at Znaim and allready had 62 confirmed close combat days. He received the document in the hospotal. On the document his commander had also placed the announcement that he could stay with leave until December 17th 1943. The document was by the way meant for a Allgemeine Sturmabzeichen and was changed to the Nahkapmfspange. This beceause the unit did not have any document for the Nahkampfspange.
Finally he received his Golden Nahkampfspange on September 5th 1944 from Adolf Hitler himself on the Führerhauptquartier. When leaving the ceremony, he received a second decoration from one of Hitlers adjudants, with the words that this second decoration was to be worn on the uniform. The first one was to be kept in the box.
Nahkampfspange in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Unteroffizier (Junior Sergeant)
Unit:
2. / Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 51
Awarded on:
November 8th, 1944
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold

Sources

  • Photo 1: Wehrkundearchiv
  • Photo: Deutsches Wehrkundearchiv
  • - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht (CD), VMD-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück, 2002
    - Patzwall K., Scherzer V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Geschichte und Inhaber Band II, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001, ISBN 3-931533-45-X
    - Dörr M., Die träger der Nahkampfspange in Gold, Heer- Luftwaffe- Waffen-SS 1943-1945, Biblio Verlag Bisendorf, 2006
    - Ritterkreuz Archiv IV/2009, Veit Scherzer, Ranis, Dezember 2009, ISSN 1866-4709
    - Verleihungsurkunde EK2

Photo