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Griesbach, Franz

    Date of birth:
    December 21st, 1892 (Brück/Brandenburg, Germany)
    Date of death:
    September 24th, 1984 (Lage/North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany)
    Nationality:
    German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

    Biography

    Promotions:
    August 23rd, 1917: Leutnant;
    1939: Hauptmann;
    August 1st, 1940: Major;
    April 1st, 1942: Oberstleutnant;
    December 1st, 1942: Oberst;
    August 1st, 1944: Generalmajor.

    Career:
    ?: Volksschule,Putlitz, Westprignitz;
    1907 - 1910: Präparandenanstalt, Genthin;
    1910 - 1913: Lehrerseminar;
    April 1st, 1914: Infanterie-Regiment „Prinz Louis Ferdinand von Preußen“ (2. Magdeburgisches) Nr. 27;
    1920: Lehrerprüfung;
    ?: Lehrer Sachsen;
    March 1st, 1939: Chef 6./Infanterie-Regiment 12, Halberstadt;
    ? - 1940: Stabsausbildung, Königsbrück;
    1940: Kommandeur Infanterie-Ersatz-Bataillon 467;
    1940: Chef 10./Infanterie-Regiment 467;
    August 1940: Kommandeur Infanterie-Ersatz-Bataillon 467, Blankenburg;
    September 15th, 1941: Kommandeur I./Infanterie-Regiment 391/170. Infanterie-Division;
    April 17th, 1942: Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 399;
    February 15th, 1944: Führer 170. Infanterie-Division (m.d.F.b.);
    February 16th, 1944 - April 1945: Reservelazerett Görden;
    April 1945 - October 21st, 1949: Soviet POW.

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    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Major
    Unit:
    Kommandeur, I. Bataillon, Infanterie-Regiment 391, 170. Infanterie-Division, Heer
    Awarded on:
    October 22nd, 1941
    Had already received the Iron Cross 2nd Class on Dcember 22nd, 1914.
    1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Major
    Unit:
    Kommandeur, I. Bataillon, Infanterie-Regiment 391, 170. Infanterie-Division, Heer
    Awarded on:
    November 22nd, 1941
    Had already received the Iron Cross 1st Class on August 23rd, 1917.
    1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Major
    Unit:
    Kommandeur, I. Bataillon, Infanterie-Regiment 391, 170. Infanterie-Division, Heer
    Awarded on:
    March 14th, 1942
    During the fighting in the Crimea, on the 15.01.1942 at 06:00, the Infanterie-Regiment 391 commenced a hasty attack with its I. Bataillon in the lead. The Regiment fought its way past Hill 200 and despite a fiercely defending enemy was able to capture Hill 175. The Regiment continued its attack on the following day through difficult terrain that was covered in ravines. All throughout this time the Regiment’s commander, Major Griesbach, showed great bravery and command abilities, which helped massively to enable the Regiment (which was practically at battalion strength) to succeed in its goals. His skillful leadership meant that Hill 251.4 was also captured, and his independent decision to retake Hill 175 after it had temporarily fallen was of great importance for the continued combat of the Division. His efforts during this time were crucial in ensuring the fall of Feodosia on the 18.01.1942. He would be awarded the Knight’s Cross in recognition.
    Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Oberst (Colonel)
    Unit:
    Kommandeur, Grenadier-Regiment 399, 170. Infanterie-Division, Heer
    Awarded on:
    May 17th, 1943
    Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
    During the Second Battle of Lake Ladoga, near Krasny Bor, the Soviets achieved a 2 km deep penetration into the German lines. Griesbach and his Regiment, as the Korps reserve, were order to dispatch of this enemy force. After a hard fight the penetration was eliminated completely and with it a crisis situation for both the Division and the Korps area of operations. Griesbach would receive the Oakleaves for completing this task with distinction.
    242nd Award.
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Oberst (Colonel)
    Unit:
    Kommandeur, Grenadier-Regiment 399, 170. Infanterie-Division, Heer
    Awarded on:
    March 6th, 1944
    Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern
    Awarded for his actions near Leningrad in January 1944. On the 17.01.1944 his Kampfgruppe destroyed 69 enemy tanks near the village of Pelellja. Later the Kampfgruppe recaptured the heights near Duderhof, which had fallen to the Soviets on the 18.01.1944. Griesbach would also distinguish himself on the 23.01.1944, where he lead his Kampfgruppe in a counterthrust at Gatschina with success. Ultimately his Kampfgruppe managed to prevent an enemy breakthrough south of Leningrad, and Griesbach would be recognized appropriately for this achievement.
    53rd Award.
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Silver version.
    Infanterie-Sturmabzeichen

    Sources

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