TracesOfWar needs your help! We miss photos of important sights in the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Germany. Submit your photos to input@tracesofwar.com and it will be published!

Alison, John Richardson (Johnny)

Date of birth:
November 21st, 1912 (Micanopy/Florida, United States)
Date of death:
June 6th, 2011 (Washington D.C., United States)
Buried on:
Arlington National Cemetery
Plot: 30. Grave: 332-2.
Service number:
0-21393
Nationality:
American (1776 - present, Republic)

Biography

Do you have more information about this person? Inform us!

Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
16th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, U.S. Army Air Forces
Awarded on:
September 12th, 1942
Citation:
"For extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 16th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, TENTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 30 July 1942, over Hengyang, China. On that date, Major Alison took off in a P-40 fighting plane at 1:00 a.m. to intercept an enemy formation of three heavy bombers flying at 15,000 feet over Hengyang. Without hesitation, he closed for attack upon this superior force, and although receiving fire from the hostile wing ships in engine and cockpit, he delivered fire in succession to each of the three bombers, two of which burst into flames and crashed. The other turned from the attack with smoke pouring from both engines and probably did not reach its home base. With his damaged plane failing and pursuit impossible, Major Alison would have been justified under the circumstances, in leaving his ship by parachute, but he chose to attempt a night crash landing in order to save his vitally needed equipment. Being unable to reach the field, he landed in a nearby river, from which his plane was salvaged. In attacking this superior force at night, destroying two bombers and possibly the entire hostile formation after his ship had been damaged by enemy cross fire, and then attempting to save his stricken plane, Major Alison displayed extraordinary heroism and outstanding skill. His unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 10th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces."

Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces-China/Burma/India, General Orders No. 8 (September 12, 1942).
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
Period:
Vietnam War (1955-1975)
Rank:
Major General
Distinguished Service Medal - Air Force
Period:
Vietnam War (1955-1975)
Rank:
Major General
Legion of Merit - US Military
Period:
Vietnam War (1955-1975)
Rank:
Major General

Second LoM received as Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster on the ribbon of the first medal.
Legion of Merit - US Military

Sources

Photo