Hake, von, Friedrich-Erdmann

Date of birth:
August 14th, 1898 (Detmold/Lippe, Germany)
Date of death:
March 22nd, 1982 (Bergisch-Gladbach/Northrhine-Westphalia, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

In service from October 9th 1914.

Friedrich-Erdmann von Hanke was for refusing to act as ordered, centenced to death by the Military Court of the 359. Infanterie-Division. The sentence was rejected by higher authorities.

Promotions:
October 9th, 1914: Fahnenjunker;
July 30th, 1915: Leutnant (patent December 19th, 1915);
May 10th, 1922: Oberleutnant ausser Dienst;
August 11th, 1934: Rittmeister (as from August 15th, 1934, RDA January 1st, 1934);
January 1st, 1939: Major (RDA -20-);
November 9th, 1941: Oberstleutnant (RDA December 1st, 1941 -19);
April 20th, 1943: Oberst (RDA April 1st, 1943 -13a-).

Career:
?: Kavallerie-Regiment 3;
1939: Kommandeur 6. / Kavallerie-Regiment 3;
August 1st, 1939: Aufklärungs-Abteilung 3;
October 23rd, 1939: Kommandeur Aufklärungs-Abteilung 13;
April 10th, 1942: Kommandeur Kradschützen-Bataillon 43;
May 16th, 1942: Panzertruppen Schule Wünstorf;
May 16th, 1942: Panzer-Regiment 11;
August 20th, 1942: Führerreserve OKH;
September 1st, 1942: Führer Panzer-Regiment 21;
September 18th, 1942: Kommandeur Panzer-Regiment 4;
February 25th, 1944: m.d.F.b. 11. Panzer-Division;
May 18th, 1944: m.d.F.b. 13. Panzer-Division;
July 1st, 1944: Kommandeur Panzer-Regiment 9;
September 8th, 1944: Führerreserve OKH;
October 10th, 1944: Kommandeur Panzer-Regiment 27;
January 18th, 1945: Führerreserve OKH/Generalinpektion der Panzertruppen;
April 1945: Kommandeur Division "von Hake".

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Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
November 3rd, 1915
Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (1914)
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
December 23rd, 1915
Kriegsverdienstkreuz am Kämpferband 1.Klasse
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
January 18th, 1916
Kriegverdienstkreuz 1914-1918 für Kämpfer 2. Klasse
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
July 30th, 1917
Eisernes Kreuz 1.Klasse (1914)
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
August 20th, 1918
Kriegverdienstkreuz 1914-1918 für Kämpfer 1. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
November 8th, 1918
Awarded with Swords
Ehrenkreuz IV. Klasse des Fürstlich Lippischen Gesamthauses
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
September 13th, 1939
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 31st, 1940
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 13, 13. Panzer-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
November 22nd, 1941
According to his "Beurteilung" the awarding date was November 23rd, 1941.
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
December 23rd, 1942
Silver version.
Panzerkampfabzeichen (ohne Zahl)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur, Panzer-Regiment 4, 13. Panzer-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
November 30th, 1943
Hake’s Knight’s Cross recommendation reads as follows…

“On the 24.10.1943 Oberst von Hake smashed an enemy breakthrough attempt near Darmstadt (southwest of Melitopol) through his own swift, independent action. In the process 35 tanks and at least 1 infantry regiment was destroyed. The Panzer-Kompanie of Oberleutnant Graf Ledebur, which belonged to the Kampfgruppe, was mentioned in an OKW communique.

During the course of the retreat movement to the Lower Dnieper the Kampfgruppe, which was directly attached to the XXXXIV. Armee-Korps, received the following mission:

1. To halt the enemy forces advancing to the west.
2. Prevent an outflanking of the left flank of the Korps.

For the duration of the time that Oberst von Hake was subordinated to the Korps (the 23.-29.10.1943), he fulfilled his assigned tasks in a decisively way with his independent decisions and ruthless devotion to duty. He did this in particular on the 27.10.1943. The Kampfgruppe, without contact with friendly forces to the right or left, had a combat strength of only 216. This were broken down into 11 Panzers, 5 Sturmgeschütze and 2 Panzergrenadier-Kompanien with about 50 men each. These forces had to hold a sector of 9 km.

On the morning of this day the Russians launched a battalion-sized attack from Alexanderfeld against the village of Annowka. At the same time they attempted to achieve a breakthrough along the road near Kuibyschewo with 11 tanks and infantry mounted in trucks. After these were repulsed, the enemy repeated his attack from Alexanderfeld. The enemy force consisted of at least 2000 men, 1 anti-tank rifle battalion as well as numerous heavy weapons and rocket launchers. Annowka was already outflanked to the north and south when new enemy forces began a vicious thrust to the northwest in the direction of Point 53.5 via Point 39.3. This was to attack our Panzer position west of Kuibyschewo from the rear. A breakthrough seemed inevitable due to the weak strength of our own forces, in addition to the fact that the Sturmgeschütze were running low on ammunition.

Thus Oberst von Hake decided to launch a renewed counterattack with his Panzers, even though he’d have to leave his left wing entirely open in doing so. This attack was an overwhelming success. Not only were the enemy attacks repulsed, but the Russians were also thrown back far beyond their starting position. A flank attack reaching far south into the sector of the neighbouring Division by Hake also laid the groundwork for this Division to pull its wing back to the ordered line during the evening.

Only the personal devotion to duty by Oberst von Hake, embodied in his bold decisions and skillful offensive leadership, meant that not only were the attacking Russian divisions thrown back, but that they also ceased any further advances in this area for 24 hours. 8 tanks, numerous anti-tank guns, 1 Katyusha and an undetermined number of anti-tank rifles plus light and heavy infantry weapons were either destroyed or rolled over. Hundreds of dead littered the battlefield. On the following day a similar act repeated itself.

In the time period 24.10.-01.11.1943 the Kampfgruppe destroyed the following:

- 48 tanks (T-34s and KV-1s)
- 9 artillery pieces
- 41 heavy anti-tank guns
- 1 rocket launcher
- Numerous motorized and horse-drawn columns
- Over 2000 dead with their light and heavy infantry weapons.

The successful completion of the Korps’ ordered mission is fully to the credit of Oberst von Hake. Through his exemplary personal bravery, bold initiative and personal leadership he has achieved a great victory for the operations of the Korps. During the conduct of further missions Oberst von Hake was wounded by a shell splinter to the head. However he did not give up his combat leadership for even a moment.”
Submitted on November 23rd 1943.
Preliminary document and decoration on December 2nd 1943 to General der Panzer Truppe.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes

Sources

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