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Keese, Heinrich

Date of birth:
April 28th, 1918 (Unsen/Hannover, Duitsland)
Date of death:
May 27th, 2006 (Bad Pyrmont, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 13th, 1941
Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 6th, 1942
Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Leutnant der Reserve (2nd Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit:
Pionier-Bataillon 20
Awarded on:
January 3rd, 1944
Award 570/5.
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 27th, 1944
3624th Award.
Ehrenblattspange des Heeres und Waffen-SS
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberleutnant der Reserve (1st Lieutenant of Reserves)
Unit:
Chef 2. / Pionier-Bataillon 20 (motorisiert) / 20.Panzer-Grenadier-Division / XXXXVI.Panzer-Korps / 4.Panzer-Armee / Heeresgruppe A
Awarded on:
October 20th, 1944
After strong Soviet forces had broken through NE of Lemberg, Oberleutnant Keese received the order to create and secure a bridgehead across two key road bridges. He was to hold it at all costs against any enemy forces that broke through to allow German formations further east to retreat across the bridges if the possibility existed.

Following its construction, the bridgehead suddenly came under attack in the middle of the night by enemy tanks. Soon no less than 21 enemy tanks had penetrated into the small bridgehead with mounted infantry. In this critical situation Oberleutnant Keese went from Pionier to Pionier in order to inspire his men to fight. They engaged the enemy armour with hand grenades and Panzerfausts, crushed the escorting enemy infantry and inflicted heavy losses on the opponent.

When the Soviet infantry were preparing for a new attack later on, Oberleutnant Keese conducted his own spoiling attacks that inflicted great losses on the enemy and disordered them to such a degree that they fled to a nearby forest.

For his role in securing this small bridgehead despite the great forces set against them Keese would be awarded the Knight’s Cross.
3863rd Award.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major der Reserve
Unit:
Kommandeur Pionier-Bataillon 20 (motorisiert) / 20.Panzer-Grenadier-Division / Panzer-Korps „Großdeutschland“ / 4.Panzer-Armee / Heeresgruppe Mitte
Awarded on:
March 28th, 1945
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
During the fighting in Silesia, a group of Soviet armour broke through to the last German retreat route. In response Hauptmann Keese immediately moved to the threatened position and counterattack the enemy with his Bataillon staff. They knocked out an enemy tank with a Panzerfaust and forced the rest of the group to pull back.

All subsequent Soviet attacks were repulsed by the 80-man strong Kampfgruppe of Hauptmann Keese, who destroyed another 5 enemy tanks in close combat. By this action they enabled other German forces to withdraw as planned behind the Sprotte sector. For this defensive victory, conducted with only scant forces, Keese would receive the Oakleaves to his Knight’s Cross.
805th Award.

Sources

  • Photo 1: Willi Schumacher Collection
  • Photo: Willi Schumacher Collection
  • - SCHERZER, VEIT, Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939-1945, Biblio Verlag, Bissendorf, 2010.
    - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht (CD), VMD-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück, 2002
    - Kwasny A., Kwasny G., Die Eichenlaubträger 1940-1945 (CD), Deutsches Wehrkundearchiv, Lage-Waddenhausen, 2001
    - Fellgiebel W.P., Elite of the Third Reich, The recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-1945: A Reference, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003, ISBN 1-874622-46-9
    - Patzwall K., Scherzer V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Geschichte und Inhaber Band II, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001, ISBN 3-931533-45-X

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