Between 1942 and 1945 the German occupying power arrested and deported more than one hundred thousand Dutch Jews and foreign Jewish refugees from the Netherlands. The Nazis used Camp Westerbork for this purpose, which the Dutch Government had already established in 1939 as a national camp for Jewish refugees from Germany. In 1942 Camp Westerbork was designated 'transit camp': a temporary abode for Dutch Jews and others whom the Nazis wanted to destroy.

Life in the camp was dominated by hope, bau above all by fear. Almost every Tuesday a train would depart: a goods train filled with a fixed number of victims.
Ninety-three such transports left. Only a few thousand people returned.

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