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Stumbling Stone Theerestraat 61

This memorial stone (so called Stolperstein or stumbling block) commemorates Greta Sara Spitzer, persecuted or murdered by the Nazis.

Grete Sara Spitzer, a Jewish deaf girl born in Vienna in 1919. She converted to the Catholic faith and fled to Sint-Michielsgestel in 1939.

As a legal refugee, she was appointed there as a teacher at the then institute for the deaf, now Royal Kentalis. In 1942 she was arrested and transported via Den Bosch station and Westerbork camp to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. There she was murdered on September 3, 1942.

The small brass plaques of 10 by 10 cm, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted and mostly murdered by the National-Socialists, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.

In many other cities and villages, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.

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  • Text: Fedor de Vries en Richard Steenbakkers
  • Photos: Richard Steenbakkers

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