These memorial stones (so called Stolpersteine of stumbling blocks) commemorate:
Hartog Philippus van Bergen (murdered in Sobibor)
Froukje van Bergen-Levie (murdered in Sobibor)
Sara van Bergen (murdered in Sobibor)
Flora van Bergen (murdered)
Meijer Hartog van Bergen (murdered in Auschwitz)
The small copper plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
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- Text: Fedor de Vries, Dick van Someren & Arie Bervoets
- Photos: Arie Bervoets