Camp Schoorl was original meant as a Dutch army camp in 1939. During the occupation of Holland, Schoorl was used as Internment and concentration camp. Schoorl was the first internment camp established by the Germans in Holland. Late 1941, the camp was closed.
The main camp population existed of communists and Jews, many of them were deported from Schoorl to camp Amersfoort, Buchenwald, Mauthausen and Ravensbrück. Of the 649 Jews, who were interned in Schoorl, 2 survived the camps. Late October 1941 the camp was closed deu to lack of space and bad location. After the liberation of Holland in 1945, Schoorl was used as internment camp for NSB-members and collaborators. The camp was dissolved in 1949.
Nowadays, visitors' centre Het Zandspoor of Staatsbosbeheer is established on the former camp location. Visitors can visit a memorial, which commemorates the camp internees of Schoorl.
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- Text: Kaj Metz
- Photos: Anneke Moerenhout (1,2,5) & Frank Meijerink (3,4)