These small, brass memorial plaques (Stolpersteine or stumbling stones) commemorate:
* Jenny Loeb-Rose, born 1878, deported 1944 from Westerbork, murdered 31 October 1944 Theresienstadt.
* Ernst Loeb, born 1878, deported 1942 from Westerbork, murdered 30 September 1942, Auschwitz.
* Hans Loeb, born 1905, deported 1944 from Westerbork, murdered 14 November 1944, Bergen-Belsen.
* Herbert Loeb, born 1911, deported 1942 from Westerbork, Auschwitz, murdered.
Ernst Loeb, a merchant, and Jenny Loeb-Rose married and had five children, all born in Leiden. Two of their sons – Hans and Herbert -- and their wives were murdered by the Nazis. Three adult children – two daughters and another son -- survived the war.
"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."
Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed -- on 29 November 2007.
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