These memorial stones (Stolpersteine, pietre d'inciampo, or stumbling blocks) commemorate:
* Cesare Di Consiglio, born 1912, arrested 21 March 1944, murdered 24 March1944, Fosse Ardeatine.
* Celeste Vivanti, born 1906, arrested 16 October 1943, deported, Auschwitz, murdered 23 October 1943.
* Ada Di Consiglio, born 1937, arrested 16 October 1943, deported, Auschwitz, murdered 23 October 1943.
* Marco Di Consiglio, born 1939, arrested 16 October 1943, deported, Auschwitz, murdered 23 October 1943.
* Mirella Di Consiglio, born 1942, arrested 16 October 1943, deported, Auschwitz, murdered 23 October 1943.
Cesare Di Consiglio and Celeste Vivanti married and had 3 children. Celeste and the children were arrested in the 16 October 1943 Nazi roundup of Roman Jews, deported, and killed on arrival at Auschwitz. Cesare was arrested 5 months later and executed in the Fosse Ardeatine massacre of 335 Italian men and boys taken in retaliation for the resistance’s killing of 33 police working for the Germans.
Cesare’s parents and 18 others in the extended Di Consiglio family are memorialized with pietre d’inciampo at Via della Madonna dei Monti 82.
Isacco and Clelia, husband and wife, were deported 2 days after their arrest. He was killed on arrival in Auschwitz. The time and location of Clelia’s death are not known.
The small brass plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted or murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques, and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
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- Text: Fedor de Vries & Anne Palmer
- Photos: Anneke Moerenhout