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Anders, Wladyslaw Albert

Date of birth:
August 11th, 1892 (Krosniewice/Lodz Province, Poland)
Date of death:
May 12th, 1970 (London, Great Britain)
Buried on:
Polish War Cemetery Cassino
Nationality:
Polish (1918-1939, IInd Republic)

Biography

Wladyslaw Anders was a Polish general who served during World War I, the Great Poland Uprising (1918-1919), the Soviet-Polish War (1919-1921) and the Second World War. He was wounded eight times during his military service. His greatest achievement was the capture of the famous monastery of Monte Cassino in 1944. After the war, he lived in London in exile and eventually died in 1970.

Promotions:
1911: Reserve Flag Bearer;
1915: 2nd Lieutenant;
1916: Captain;
1919: Lieutenant Colonel;
1920: Major;
1924: Colonel;
1934: Brigade General;
1941: Division General;
1954: Lieutenant General;

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Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Podporucznik (2nd Lieutenant)
Awarded on:
1915
Cross of St. George IV class
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Kapitan (Captain)
Awarded on:
1918
Order of St. Anna II class
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Kapitan (Captain)
Awarded on:
1918
Order of St. Anna III class
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Kapitan (Captain)
Awarded on:
1918
Order of St. Anna IV class
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Kapitan (Captain)
Awarded on:
1918
Order of St. Stanislaus III class
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Kapitan (Captain)
Awarded on:
1918
Order of St. Stanislaus II class
Period:
Polish-Soviet War (1919-1921)
Rank:
Major
Awarded on:
1920
Krzyz Walecznych
Period:
Polish-Soviet War (1919-1921)
Rank:
Major
Awarded on:
May 28th, 1921
Chevalier de l' Ordre National de la Legion d'Honneur
Period:
Polish-Soviet War (1919-1921)
Rank:
Major
Awarded on:
June 30th, 1921
Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari - Krzyz Srebrny
Period:
Polish-Soviet War (1919-1921)
Rank:
Major
Awarded on:
1921

Awarded as bar on the ribbon of the first medal
Krzyz Walecznych
Period:
Polish-Soviet War (1919-1921)
Rank:
Major
Awarded on:
1921

Awarded as second bar on the ribbon of the first medal
Krzyz Walecznych
Period:
Polish-Soviet War (1919-1921)
Rank:
Major
Awarded on:
1921

Awarded as third bar on the ribbon of the first medal
Krzyz Walecznych
Rank:
Porucznik (1st Lieutenant)
Awarded on:
1925
Order Odrodzenia Polski Oficerski
Rank:
Porucznik (1st Lieutenant)
Awarded on:
1926
Order of St. Sava 3rd Class
Rank:
General Brygadi (Brigadier)
Awarded on:
November 10th, 1938
Order Odrodzenia Polski Komandorski
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Awarded on:
August 20th, 1944
Legion of Merit - Commander (LoM - C)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Awarded on:
1944
For merit in September 1939.
Order Virtuti Militari Gold Cross
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish II Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Awarded on:
1944
Awarded for taking the Monastery of Monte Cassino in 1944.

No. 4
Order Virtuti Militari Knight
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish II Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Awarded on:
1944
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Awarded on:
1944
Awarded for being engaged in fighting for Monte Cassino, Piedimonte and Passo Corno in 1944.

No. 1
Krzyz Monte Cassino
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Awarded on:
1945
Order Virtuti Militari Commander
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Broni (General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Awarded on:
1984

Posthumously awarded
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Broni (General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Awarded on:
November 11th, 1995

Posthumously awarded by the former Polish president Lech Walesa.
Order Orla Bialego (1992)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Krzyz Walecznych
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Krzyz Walecznych
Krzyz Zaslugi in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Krzyz Zaslugi - Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Krzyz Zaslugi - Gold
Medal 10-lecia Odzyskania Niepodleglosci
Medal Za Dlugoletnia Sluzbe 10 years
Medal Za Dlugoletnia Sluzbe 20 years
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Medal Wojska za Wojne 1939-1945
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Medal Wojska za Wojne 1939-1945
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Medal Wojska za Wojne 1939-1945
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Medal Wojska za Wojne 1939-1945
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Commandeur de l' Ordre National de la Legion d'Honneur
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West

With palm
Croix de Guerre (1939-1945)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Croce Al Valore di Guerra
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Ordine dei Santi Maurizio e Lazzaro - Cavaliere di gran croce
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB)
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Medaille Interalliée de la Victoire 1914–1918
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
1939-1945 Star
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Unit:
HQ, Polish III Corps, Polish Armed Forces in the West
Italy Star
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
Defence Medal 1939-1945
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General Dywizji (Major General)
War Medal 1939-1945

Sources