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Ax, Adolf

Date of birth:
June 23rd, 1906 (Mouseron/Flanders, Belgium)
Date of death:
February 6th, 1983 (Wiesbaden/Hesse, Germany)
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)


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Second World War (1939-1945)
Chef des Generalstabes Führungsstab Ostküste / Führer 15.SS-Freiwilligen-Division (Lettische No. 1)
Awarded on:
May 9th, 1945
Ax’s Knight’s Cross recommendation reads as follows…

“On the 25.01.1945 SS-Oberführer Ax, chief of staff for the XIV. SS-Armee-Korps, was assigned command of the 15. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (lett. Nr. 1) following the loss of its previous divisional commander. SS-Oberführer went on to achieve the following in the course of the Division’s many subsequent offensive and defensive actions:

1. Breaking through the encirclement ring around his Division near Flederborn on the 03.02.1945. The Division had been encircled here due to its own steadfastness, but by holding its ground in this way it tied down strong elements of two tank-reinforced Soviet divisions and prevented the enemy from continuing their swift breakthrough towards the northwest.

2. Directing this breakthrough in the face of strong Soviet forces whilst serving with the rest of the divisional staff in the foremost line.

3. Dispersing and destroying the bulk of a Soviet division before the bridgehead and cornerstone at Landeck during the process of this breakthrough.”

Unofficial award.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes


  • Photo 1: Willi Schumacher Collection
  • Photo: Willi Schumacher Collection
  • - THOMAS, FRANZ & WEGMANN, GÜNTER, Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939-1945, Biblio-Verlag, Osnabrück, 1987.
    - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht (CD), VMD-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück, 2002
    - Fellgiebel W.P., Elite of the Third Reich, The recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-1945: A Reference, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003, ISBN 1-874622-46-9
    - Schneider J.W., Their Honor was Loyalty!, R. James Bender Publishing, 1977
    - Yerger M.C., Allgemeine-SS: The commands, Units and Leaders of the general SS