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Taylor, Maxwell Davenport

Date of birth:
August 26th, 1901 (Keytesville/Missouri, United States)
Date of death:
April 19th, 1987 (Washington D.C./Washington, United States)
Nationality:
American (1776 - present, Republic)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Brigadier General
Unit:
101 Airborne Division
Awarded on:
July 1st, 1944
Action:
Citation:
"The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Major General [then Brigadier General] Maxwell Davenport Taylor (ASN: 0-14898), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Division Commander of the 101st Airborne Division, in action against enemy forces on 6 June 1944, in France. Landing with his parachute unit in enemy territory and in the face of intense enemy fire, Major General Taylor quickly organized the control elements of the Division Headquarters. Perceiving that the important causeway at Carentan could not be taken by the unit assigned that mission, General Taylor personally led elements of the Division Headquarters and other special troops in an attack on the causeway. General Taylor led the successful assault and seized the causeway thereby clearing the way for the advance of the sea borne units. The courage and outstanding leadership displayed by General Taylor exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, the 101st Airborne Division, and the United States Army."
Details:
General Orders: Headquarters, First U.S. Army, General Orders No. 31 (July 1, 1944)
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Details:
This award was obtained in the form of an Oak Leave to be attached on the ribbon of the first award.
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major General (Major-general)
Unit:
101st Airborne Division "Screaming Eagles", U.S. Army (101st Airborne Division "Screaming Eagles", U.S. Army)
Awarded on:
November 14th, 1946
Action:
Has distinguished himself in battle by eminent deeds of courage, tact and perseverance in the following manner by displaying, in his capacity as commanding general of the 101st Airborne Division, initiative, sound judgment and extraordinary ability in devising and executing his plans for an airborne landing in the Netherlands. From September 17th, to November 28th, 1944 his courage and his determination to succeed were apparent from the numerous times he visited his troops at the front; he was wounded by a mortarbomb while visiting his beleaguered troops. His tactically sound plans and his extraordinary ability enabled his troops to wrestle their objectives from the Germans and to prevent the enemy from penetrating their positions. His work has contributed to the liberation of that part of the Netherlands where he landed.
Details:
Royal decree no.35
Ridder vierde klasse der Militaire Willems Orde (MWO.4)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Details:
with palm
Croix de Guerre (1939-1945)

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