Eder, Martin

Date of birth:
December 22nd, 1902 (Bruck an der Donau/Bavaria, Germany)
Date of death:
April 6th, 1983 (Regensburg/Bavaria, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

Martin Eder finally reached the rank of Oberst.

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Hauptmann (Captain)
Unit:
Führer, I. Bataillon, Infanterie-Regiment 481, 256. Infanterie-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
November 28th, 1940
The following wartime excerpt describes why Eder would be awarded the Knight’s Cross…

“On the 26.05.1940, during the fighting for the Lys Canal (near Ecclee), Hauptmann Eder took up the leadership of the battle on his own initiative. He forced a crossing over the canal with his Kompanie and penetrated to a depth of 4 km into the enemy positions. He then held this position against violent enemy counterattacks, and in doing so enabled his Regiment to thrust through the forest positions near Cleith on the following day. This in turn led to the capitulation of the Belgian army on the 28.05.1940.”

The following press article provides some additional comments on this action…

“Hauptmann Eder already outstandingly distinguished himself during the breakthrough of the Peel position near Mill. Here he placed himself at the head of his assault units and captured four bunkers that were flanking the anti-tank ditch all on his own. Later, at the Lys canal, he forced a crossing over the canal at the head of his Kompanie and penetrated 4 km deep into the enemy position. This action enabled the Regiment to launch its own thrust near Cleith, which led to the capitulation of the Belgian army. Hauptmann Eder also forced the canal crossing near Nieuport, held his position against tank-led counterattacks and thereby established the preconditions for the destruction of the Royal Fusileers and the capture of a substantial amount of British war materiel that would otherwise have been shipped to England.”
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Hauptmann (Captain)
Unit:
Führer, I. BatailIon, Infanterie-Regiment 481, 256. Infanterie-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
January 14th, 1942
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant-colonel)
Unit:
Infanterie-Regiment 481, 256. Infanterie-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
October 16th, 1942
Ehrenblattspange des Heeres und Waffen-SS

Sources