In 1887, a replica of the cabin, where the Russian commander Michail Illarionovich Kutusov had his headquarters in the Battle of Borodino, was built on this location. The original cabin burned down in 1812. The replica (Kutuzov's Hut) is part of the museum.
The Battle of Borodino, on 7 september 1812 during the Russian campaign of Napoleon, was probably the largest one-day battle in the Napoleonic Wars and the largest ever until then. About 250,000 soldiers took part in the battle. The outcome of the battle was undecided.
The estimates about the numbers of casualties (killed, wounded, missing and captured) vary widely. The French losses are estimated between 28.000 and 50.000 men. The Russian between 38,000 and 45,000 men. The number of victims of the Battle of Borodino was the highest ever in the history until then, and was only matched on the first day of the Battle of the Somme in 1916.
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- Text: Fedor de Vries
- Photos: A.Savin