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Commonwealth War Grave Roman Catholic Cemetery Mariahof Renkum

At the Roman Catholic Cemetery Mariahof in Renkum is one Commonwealth war grave.
This is the grave of: Serjeant James Michael Gibbons, 4537398.

James Michael Gibbons
1919 - died in the Municipality of Renkum, September 20, 1944
Son of James and Sarah Gibbons.
He was married to Dorothy Gibbons of Manchester.
Service Number 4537398,

Sergeant James Michael Gibbons, was with the English 156 Battalion 4th Parachute Brigade, Army Air Corps. James Gibbons was section commander. Stationed at Newport Lodge at Melton Mowbray.

"The men of the 156 Battalion depart with 35 Dakota transport aircraft and land on the Ginkelse Heide on September 18, 1944. The gliders with material and supplies for the 156 Battalion, land at Landing zone 'X', along the Telefoonweg. The cargo of these gliders : 7 jeeps, 10 trailers with supplies and 2 Bren carriers One of those gliders of the 156 Battalion was piloted by Louis E. Hagen, author of the book "Arnhem lift: diary of a glider pilot" from 1945.
At 2.30 pm the 156 Battalion is as good as complete at the assembly point. This assembly point is located in the middle of the German troops. Fighting, Gibbons and the men of the 156 Battalion try to leave the Ginkel Heath. At 5 pm the 156 Battalion leaves in a south-easterly direction to the north side of the railway, they are finally off the Ginkel Heath. At 20:00 they are at Wolfheze station and the vehicles from the gliders with crew join the 156 Battalion. The 156 Battalion is complete; Gibbons and the men continue towards Arnhem on the north side of the railway.

In the evening of September 18, 1944 at 9 pm C-Company encountered heavy resistance near Mill Hill in Oosterbeek. It is withdrawn towards Wolfheze.
About where the A50 now crosses the railway line and the cycle path, on the 19th September 1944 at 03:30 am, they are there. In the morning at 5 a.m. the men of C-Compagnie are ordered to move to Lichtenbeek. However, at 07:00 C-Company and Sergeant Gibbons encountered heavy resistance near the Sportlaan on the current Papendal. They are held against it for hours. At 2 pm the 156 Battalion forms a base in the forest near Papendal. Orders are received to go to Hotel Wolfheze. C-Company with Sergeant Gibbons moving along the north side of the railway. At 4 pm they are at the tunnel under the railway. It is chaotic at the tunnel, heavy fighting takes place. They move on and at 7 pm they are at the intersection of the bicycle path and the Bilderberglaan. Here they stay during the night. C Company and Sergeant Gibbons, are attacked repeatedly during the night.

In the morning of September 20, 1944 at 07:00, orders are received to continue towards Hartenstein. C Company must join the rest of the 156 Battalion. The meeting point is the intersection of Wolfhezerweg and Utrechtseweg. At 8:00 AM, just before they arrive there, C-Company is heavily attacked. Sergeant Gibbons is seriously injured. It is reported by other paratroopers that Sergeant Gibbons was killed on the Sun Hill near the water tower. He is probably found seriously injured by members of the Air Defense Service. He is taken to Oranje Nassau's Oord to nurse his wounds.
The injuries are so severe that Sergeant Gibbons succumbs. It is possible that head nurse N.C. Rombout van Oranje Nassau's Oord writes about Sergeant Gibbons in her diary "War Days". Because in her detailed diary she only mentions one death on Wednesday 20 September. She writes about it: "A lot of German wounded came in, as well as Englishmen. One English paratrooper died very shortly after arrival, while another received a blood transfusion."

The local undertaker takes care of the late Sergeant James Gibbons. He finds among Gibbons his personal belongings a note with the wish that he wants to be buried in consecrated ground. The local undertaker ensures that his wish is granted. Sergeant James Gibbons is buried in the Roman Catholic cemetery Maria hof in Renkum on the Groeneweg. That is still his resting place. His grave was not cleared after the war to be reburied at the Airborne cemetery in Oosterbeek. His wish was also respected after the war to rest in consecrated ground.

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  • Text: Jaap van Genderen
  • Photos: Arjan Vrieze

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