STOLPERSTEINE / STUMBLING STONES

The German artist Gunter Demnig started placing the first Stolpersteine in 1997 in the Berlin's Kreuzberg district.
Meanwhile there are Stolpersteine in many countries.
It reminds the Holocaust in World War II.
A Stolperstein is a concrete stone of 10 x 10cm, with a brass plate on top, in which the name, date of birth and decease and also place of decease is punched into.
The Stolperstein gets a place in the pavement in front of the former house of the victim.
By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives a private memorial to each victim.
His motto is: 'A HUMAN BEING IS FORGOTTEN ONLY WHEN HIS OR HER NAME IS FORGOTTEN'.

Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed.
This happened the 29-11-2007.


Text on the stumbling stones:

HERE LIVED
ERNEST POLAK
GEB. 1885
AFTER THE CAPITULATION
FLED INTO THE DEATH
05-15-1940

HERE LIVED
RENÉE JOHANNA POLAK - HIRSCH
GEB. 1891
DEPORTED 1943
MURDER 09-07-1943
SOBIBOR

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Source

  • Text: Anneke Moerenhout
  • Photos: Anneke Moerenhout