In May 1938 the camp was established as a penal facility. In 1939 the Wehrmacht assumed control and Wietmarschen was transformed into a POW camp (part of Stalag VI C).
The camp held Polish, West-European and Soviet POWs. It is estimated that 1.200 Soviet POWs perished here. Some of them are buried in the Wietmarschen cemetery.
After the war camp Wietmarschen was used as a refuge for Polish soldiers and foreign forced laborers. Shortly afterwards it was demolished. There are some memorial stones located in the cemetery of Wietmarschen.
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