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Stumbling Stone Hermanstraat 47

This small brass memorial plaque (stolperstein, struikelsteen, or stumbling stone) commemorates:

* Simon Frankruijter, born 1890, arrested 1 May 1943, murdered 7 February 1945, Dachau.

Simon Frankruijter (sometimes spelled Frankruyter) and Jantina Catharina Garrelds married in 1911. They had eight children, two of whom died early. Simon delivered milk (see a photo of him on his delivery bicycle at Groningen4045).

He took part in the national April/May 1943 strike (called Milk Strikes in the north): he refused to deliver milk from the farms to the factories. On the night of May 1-2, he and others were arrested. He was sentenced to 10 years in prison and taken to Vught camp. A year later, he was deported from there on 24 May 1944 to hard labor at Dachau, where he caught typhus in the winter and died in February. His body was put in a mass grave.

"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."

Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed -- on 29 November 2007.

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