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Stumbling Stones Leidsekade 63

These small, brass, memorial plaques (stolpersteine or stumbling stones) commemorate:

* Hijman Metzelaar, born 1909, murdered 28 February 1943, Auschwitz.
* Bertha Metzelaar-Menist, born 1908, murdered 15 December 1942, Auschwitz.

"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victimís name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."

Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed -- on 29 November 2007.

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