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Stumbling Stones Voorstraat 343

These small, brass, memorial plaques (stolpersteine, struikelstenen, or stumbling stones) commemorate:

* Ruben Salomon Kleinkramer, born 1893, murdered 9 July 1943, Sobibor.
* Hendrik Kleinkramer, geb. 1925, murdered 9 July 1943, Sobibor.
* Simon Kleinkramer, geb. 1928, murdered 9 July 1943, Sobibor.
* Eva Kleinkramer-Breemer, geb. 1894, murdered 9 July 1943, Sobibor.

Ruben Salomon Kleinkramer, a draperies dealer, and Eva Breemer married in 1922. They had two sons, Hendrik and Simon. All four were murdered on the same day in Sobibor. Hendrik was 18, Simon 14.

Three of Ruben Kleinkramer’s were murdered in Auschwitz. Three of Eva’s siblings were murdered in Sobibor on the same day as Eva. Eva’s other sister, Elisabeth, survived, and died on 8 or 9 July 1993 – 50 years after her siblings.

The deportation of 2,417 people from Westerbork to Sobibor on 6 July 1943 included 28 Dordrecht citizens who were murdered on arrival on 9 July.

"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."

Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed -- 29 November 2007.

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