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McKellar, Archibald Ashmore

Date of birth:
April 10th, 1912 (Paisley/Renfrewshire/Scotland, Great Britain)
Date of death:
November 1st, 1940 (Addisham/Kent, Great Britain)
Buried on:
Commonwealth War Graves Eastwood Cemetery
Nationality:
British (1801-present, Kingdom)

Biography

Service number 90168.

Archie McKellar was a plasterer in his fathers business before he joined the RAF in 1938.
He shared in the shooting down of the first Heinkel bomber to perish over Britain. McKellar shot down at least 3 Heinkels on the 15th of August 1940 and on the 9th of September scored four more kills. On the the 11th of September 1940 he took over command of No 605 Hurricane Squadron from Squadron Leader Walter Churchill. Another four were shot down by McKellar on the 15th of September 1940. On the 7th of October his score rose another five kills, all Bf 109's. McKellar shot down 21 enemy aircraft before his death on the 1st of November 1940 when he was in combat with Bf 109's over Kent. His Hurricane crashed at the side of Woodlands Manor near Addisham at 18:20hrs - the day after The Air Ministry had decided that the Battle of Britain was finished.
His gallantry awards, presented to his father by HM King George VI, are now displayed in the 602 Squadron Museum, within the RAF Museum, Glasgow.

Promotions:
November 8th, 1936: Pilot Officer (commissioned)
May 8th, 1938: Flying Officer
June 1st, 1940: Flight Lieutenant

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Flight Lieutenant
Unit:
Royal Air Force
Awarded on:
September 13th, 1940
Action:
Citation:
"This officer has at all times displayed the keenest desire to engage the enemy. In his first large-scale encounter against enemy aircraft he displayed a great sense of leadership and tactics in launching his flight against ninety Heinkel m's. As a result, at least four enemy aircraft were destroyed, of which Flight Lieutenant McKellar destroyed three. He has displayed outstanding leadership and courage."
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Flight Lieutenant
Unit:
Royal Air Force
Awarded on:
October 8th, 1940
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Action:
Citation:
"During a period of eight days in the defence of London, Flight Lieutenant McKellar has destroyed eight hostile aircraft, bringing his total to twelve. He displays an excellent fighting spirit, is a particularly brilliant tactician and has led his squadron with skill and resource."
Details:
Second DFC awarded as a bar to be worn on the ribbon of the first DFC.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Squadron Leader
Unit:
No. 605 Squadron, Royal Air Force
Awarded on:
November 26th, 1940
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Action:
This officer has led his squadron with outstanding courage and determination. He has destroyed 20 enemy aircraft, and his magnificent fighting spirit has proved an excellent inspiration to his fellow pilots.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Squadron Leader
Unit:
Royal Air Force
Awarded on:
January 1st, 1941
Mentioned in Despatches
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Details:
With "BATTLE OF BRITAIN"-clasp.
1939-1945 Star

Sources