Hollinghurst, Leslie Norman

    Date of birth:
    January 2nd, 1895 (Hornsey/Essex, Great Britain)
    Date of death:
    June 8th, 1971
    Nationality:
    British (1801-present, Kingdom)

    Biography

    Leslie Hollinghurst joined the Royal Engineers as a Sapper on the outbreak of Wold War I. Hollinghurst took part in the Gallipoli Campaign before being wounded in Salonika, and was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the Middlesex Regiment. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps whilst in Egypt, where he undertook his initial flying training and returned to England to become a test pilot.
    ‘Holly’ was posted to 87 Squadron in France in 1918, flying Sopwith Dolphins on reconnaissance work.
    For his offensive patrols he was credited with 11 victories over enemy aircraft and awarded the D.F.C.
    In the interwar period he served in Afghanistan, the North West Frontier and Shanghai and as an Instructor at Cranwell.
    During the Second World War he was posted at several positions. His high rank didn't prevent him though from personally supervising from the air the early stages of his Group’s operations both on D-Day and at Arnhem.
    In late 1944 he commanded Base Air Forces Headquarters in South East Asia.
    After the war he served on the Air Council as Air Member for Supply and Organisation, and was briefly Inspector-General of the R.A.F. before rejoining the Air Council. He retired in 1952.
    Leslie Hollinghurst died on 8 June 1971, whilst returning from celebrations in Normandy held to mark the 25th Anniversary of D-Day.

    Apart from his Second World War medals Hollinghurst also was awarded the following decorations:
    - OBE
    - DFC (G V dd 3 december 1918)
    - 1914-15-Star
    - British War Medal
    - British Victoria Medal
    - India General Service 1908-35, 3 gespen:, Afghanistan N.W.F. 1919, North West Frontier 1930-31, Mohmand 1933, met M.i.D. gedateerd 21 januari 1933
    - Coronation 1953
    - GBE dd 1 januari 1952

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    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Air Commodore
    Awarded on:
    January 1st, 1941
    Mentioned in Despatches
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Air Vice-Marshal
    Awarded on:
    August 15th, 1944
    Action:
    Citation:
    "In recognition of distinguished services in connection with the operations in Normandy."
    Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Air Vice-Marshal
    Awarded on:
    October 27th, 1944
    Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Acting Air Marshal
    Awarded on:
    July 5th, 1945
    Knights/Dames Commanders of the Order of the British Empire (K/DBE)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Air Vice-Marshal
    Awarded on:
    July 31st, 1945
    Action:
    Citation:
    “For distinguishing himself during the operations near Arnhem from September 17 to 25, 1944, by doing particularly brave and tactful deeds, and setting, in every respect, a praiseworthy example in very difficult circumstances."
    Details:
    Royal Decree No.29, dated Jult 31st, 1945.
    Permission to wear the decoration was granted at January 1st, 1946.
    Bronzen Leeuw (BL)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Acting Air Marshal
    Awarded on:
    October 9th, 1945
    Commandeur in de Leopoldsorde / Commandeur de l'Ordre de Léopold
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Details:
    With "Palme".
    Croix de Guerre (1939-1945)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Details:
    With "Rosette".
    Officier de l' Ordre National de la Legion d'Honneur

    Sources

    • - MEIJER, H.G., Bronzen Leeuw, Bronzen Kruis, De Bataafsche Leeuw, Amsterdam, 1990.
      - Supplement to The London Gazette Issue 35029 published on the 31 December 1940
      - Fifth Supplement to The London Gazette Issue 36656 published on the 11 August 1944
      - Fourth Supplement to The London Gazette Issue 36767 published on the 24 October 1944
      - Supplement to The London Gazette Issue 37161 published on the 3 July 1945
      - Fourth Supplement to The London Gazette Issue 37300 published on the 5 October 1945
      - Ninth Supplement to The London Gazette of 28th December 1945, Issue 37415, dated 1st January 1946