Stolpersteinen Ripperdapark 26, Haarlem
On March 3, 2022, stumbling stones were laid here for Rabbi Philip Frank and his wife Bertha Frank-Dinner. Philip Frank was appointed Chief Rabbi in North Holland in 1937, succeeding Rabbi Simon Philip de Vries, who held this office for 45 years. Philip Frank was a member of the Haarlem Jewish Council.
On January 30, 1943, an Oberwachtmeister of the German medical service was killed in an attack in Haarlem. As a reprisal, one hundred hostages in and around Haarlem were captured and transferred to Vught. Ten of them were shot in Bloemendaal. Among them was Philip Frank.
Bertha Frank-Dinner was director of the Fröbel School, teacher of the Jewish school, youth leader, member of the Dutch-Israelite Poor Board and caretaker for the dead at the Religious Institution Gemieloeth Chassadiem. After Philip Frank's arrest, his wife was also arrested and eventually deported to Auschwitz, where she was immediately murdered.
The small brass plaques of 10 by 10 cm, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted and mostly murdered by the National-Socialists, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities and villages, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
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- Text: TracesOfWar en Stichting Struikelstenen Haarlem
- Photos: Stichting Struikelstenen Haarlem