Stolpersteine Lange Wijngaardstraat 14, Haarlem
On March 3, 2022, stumbling blocks were placed here for: Nathanni Moses Zilversmit, Minna Zilversmit-Hes and Frederieka Goud-Zilversmit.
Nathanni Moses Zilversmit and his wife Minna were janitors in the Jewish Municipal Building in Haarlem, where the couple also lived. He was also a gravedigger at the Dutch-Israeli Community of Haarlem and bearer at the Religious Institution Gemieloeth Chassadiem. Minna was also a bathmaid in the Municipal Building. Their daughter Frederieka was a domestic worker and supervised the cleaning of the Municipal Building. She married David Goud in camp Westerbork, the day before their deportation to Auschwitz. Four days after their wedding, she was murdered on arrival at the camp.
The small brass plaques of 10 by 10 cm, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted and mostly murdered by the National-Socialists, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities and villages, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
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- Text: TracesOfWar en Stichting Struikelstenen Haarlem
- Photos: Stichting Struikelstenen Haarlem