STOLPERSTEINE / STUMBLING STONES
for
- IsraŽl Cohen: born 1883, deported from Westerbork, murdered 6 March 1944, Auschwitz.
- Betsie Kleermaker: born 1882, deported from Westerbork, murdered 6 March 1944, Auschwitz.

Betsie and Israel were married in October 1908. They had a daughter, Clara, born in 1911, who was living away from them when they were deported. Israelís father Hartog Cohen died in 1942 in Utrecht, and Israelís mother Sara was deported with Israel and his wife Betsie in 1942; Sara died in Auschwitz on 11 Feb 1944, a month before Israel and Betsie.

The German artist Gunter Demnig started placing the first Stolpersteine in 1997 in the Berlin's Kreuzberg district.
Meanwhile there are Stolpersteine in many countries.
It reminds the Holocaust in World War II.
A Stolperstein is a concrete stone of 10 x 10cm, with a brass plate on top, in which the name, date of birth and decease and also place of decease is punched into.
The Stolperstein gets a place in the pavement in front of the former house of the victim.
By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives a private memorial to each victim.
His motto is: 'A HUMAN BEING IS FORGOTTEN ONLY WHEN HIS OR HER NAME IS FORGOTTEN'.

Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed.
This happened the 29-11-2007.

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Source

  • Text: Anneke Moerenhout & Anne Palmer
  • Photos: Anne Palmer