STOLPERSTEINE / STUMBLING STONES
Rika Leijdersdorff-van Os.
The German artist Gunter Demnig started placing the first Stolpersteine in 1997 in the Berlin's Kreuzberg district. Meanwhile there are Stolpersteine in many countries. It reminds the Holocaust in World War II. A Stolperstein is a concrete stone of 10 x 10cm, with a brass plate on top, in which the name, date of birth and decease and also place of decease is punched into. The Stolperstein gets a place in the pavement in front of the former house of the victim. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives a private memorial to each victim.
His motto is: 'A HUMAN BEING IS FORGOTTEN ONLY WHEN HIS OR HER NAME IS FORGOTTEN'.
Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed. This happened the 29-11-2007.
In Middelburg , the first Stumbling Stones were laid on 21 February 2016 in front of the houses where Jewish families lived . Zealand is the last province in the Netherlands where these stones are placed. With the help of the Zeeland archives they established what was their last address in Zealand was. In these villages and cities, they are located: Middelburg, Sint Laurens, Vlissingen, Zierikzee, Goes, Hulst, Sluis, Terneuzen and Veere . The addresses of the Stumbling Stones in Middelburg are: Markt 9 (nowadays no. 6) Lange Delft 21, 99 and 123.
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